Robert of Courçon
Robert of Courçon
|Cardinal of S. Stefano al Monte Celio|
|Other posts||Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris|
|Created Cardinal||18 February 1212|
Kedleston (possibly), Derbyshire, England
|Died||6 February 1219
(aged c. 49–59)
|Previous post||Canon of the cathedral chapter of Noyon|
He was born sometime between 1160 and 1170 in Derbyshire, England; possibly in the village of Kedleston. After having studied at Oxford, Paris, and Rome, he became the Chancellor of the University of Paris in 1211. The following year, he was created Cardinal priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio. In 1213, he was appointed legate a latere to preach the crusade, and in 1215 was placed at the head of a commission to inquire into the errors prevalent at the University of Paris. He participated in the papal conclave of 1216, which elected Pope Honorius III.
He is the author of several works, including a Summa devoted to questions of canon law and ethics and dealing at length with the question of usury.
His interference in the affairs of the University of Paris, in the midst of the confusion arising from the introduction of the Arabian translations of Aristotle, resulted in the proscription (1215) of the metaphysical as well as the physical treatises of the Stagyrita, together with the summaries thereof (Summæ de eiusdem). At the same time, his rescript (Denifle, "Chartul. Univ. Paris", I, 78) renews the condemnation of the Pantheists David of Dinant and Amaury of Bene, but permits the use, as texts, of Aristotle's Ethics and the logical treatises. The rescript also contains several enactments relating to academic discipline.
- Bellenger, Dominic Aidan; Fletcher, Stella (2001). Princes of the Church: A History of the English Cardinals. Stroud, UK: Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-2630-9.
- Denifle, Chartul. Univ. Paris, I (Paris, 1889), 72, 78
- De Wulf, Hist. of Medieval Phil., tr. Coffey (New York, 1909), 252.
- Schofield, Nicholas; Skinner, Gerard (2007). The English Cardinals. Oxford: Family Publications. ISBN 978-1-871217-65-0.