Roman villa of Santo André de Almoçageme
|Roman ruins of|
Santo André de Almoçageme (Ruinas romanas de
Santo André de Almoçageme)
|Official name: Villa romana de Santo André de Almoçageme|
|Easiest access||Roadway to Rodízio, Santo André de Almoçageme|
|Management||Instituto Gestão do Patrimonio Arquitectónico e Arqueológico|
|Status||Property of Public Interest|
|Listing||Decree 67/97; Diário da República, Série-1B, 301 (31 December 1997); included in the Protected Area of Sintra-Cascais (v. PT031111050264)|
The Roman ruins of Santo Andre de Almoçageme (Portuguese: Ruinas romanas de Santo Andre de Almoçageme) is a Portuguese archaeological site located in the rural civil parish of Colares, in the municipality of Sintra. It includes a group of structures with typological, stylistic or historic value, whose structural elements are worthy of preservation.
The settlement was constructed between the 3rd and 5th centuries.
In the 17th century a funerary inscription, unrelated to the physical structures was discovered, implying a more intricate history.
In 1905, a polychromatic mosaic was discovered, in addition to artefacts linked to its Roman history. The first official archaeological excavations began between 1980 and 1990: these excavations exposed a large area of the main house (pars urbana) that included several rooms with mosaic pavements to the north (that included peristyle). In the excavated pars rustica a brick oven was discovered, used for producing ceramics. Later, the structures became derelict and in the adjoining spaces a grave was discovered, where two newborn children were buried.
Inscriptions along the perimeter of the triangular plan is delimited by metallic fence, defining the structures of the town. The settlement includes walls composed of an irregular masonry 30–40 centimetres (12–16 in) in height. Its plan is essentially comprises various rectangular spaces, many corresponding to halls and paved with mosaics (in the north and west).
In the excavated areas, there are two rectangular, plaster tanks: one situated at the end of the wall and the other irregular, located near a bunk of tiles. Also located near the excavated zone is a brick oven and child's burial grave, both near to each other.
- Vale, Teresa; Ferreira, Maria (1998). SIPA, ed. "Villa romana de Santo André de Almoçageme (IPA.00003113/PT031111050033)" (in Portuguese). Lisbon, Portugal: SIPA–Sistema de Informação para o Património Arquitectónico. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- O Archeologo Portuguez (in Portuguese), X/XI, Lisbon, Portugal, 1905
- Silva, José Cornélio da; Luckhurst, Gerald (1989), Sintra. A Paisagem e Suas Quintas (in Portuguese), Lisbon, Portugal
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