|Born||June 4, 1956|
|Criminal charge||Murder, kidnapping, rape, robbery|
|Location(s)||East Cleveland, Ohio|
Romell Broom (born June 4, 1956) is an American convicted of murder, kidnapping, and rape. He was convicted in 1984 of abducting and killing Tryna Middleton, age 14, who was walking home from a football game in East Cleveland, Ohio. In 2003, Broom accepted an offer from the state of Ohio for a DNA test to prove his innocence—however, the test results failed to exonerate him. The clemency hearing concluded that "the DNA report does not indicate an exact match, but does indicate that the likelihood of Broom [not] being the donor is 1 in 2.3 million. Otherwise stated, eight or nine other people in the country would have the same profile." Broom has repeatedly requested independent DNA retesting and a change of legal team.
Broom was scheduled to be executed on September 15, 2009. However, the executioners tried for two hours to maintain an IV line through which they could inject the lethal drugs, before Ohio Governor Ted Strickland issued a one-week reprieve. Broom's lawyers argued that his first execution attempt was cruel and unusual punishment, and that executing him would mean that his evidence would be "irretrievably lost" for their broader lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of Ohio’s lethal injection procedure. U.S. District Court Judge Gregory L. Frost scheduled a November 30, 2009, hearing on the issues.
Amnesty International started a campaign to inform the public about the failure of the execution attempt. There is also a documentary on this case, The Second Execution of Romell Broom by Michael Verhoeven, and Broom himself has written his own story in the e-book Survivor on Death Row.
In March 2016, the Ohio Supreme Court rejected an appeal by Broom and ruled that the state can again try to execute him. In August 2016, Broom asked the U.S. Supreme Court to halt a second execution, with his lawyers arguing that another execution attempt would be cruel and unusual punishment and would violate double jeopardy protections under the 5th and 14th amendments to the U.S. constitution. On December 12, 2016, SCOTUS declined to give Broom a hearing on his appeal. On May 19, 2017, the Ohio Supreme Court scheduled an execution date for Broom, on June 17, 2020. 
- Capital punishment in Ohio
- List of death row inmates in the United States
- List of offenders scheduled to be executed in the United States
- Execution of Clayton Lockett
- "Seven on death row had DNA test". Enquirer.com. July 3, 2003. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "In Re: Romell Broom, OSP#A187-343" Adult Parole Authority, State of Ohio, August 28, 2009
- "Offender Details". Drc.state.oh.us. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- "New US vein execution bid halted". BBC News. September 18, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- Driehaus, Bob (September 17, 2009). "Inmate Will Testify About Failed Execution". Ohio: NYTimes.com. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- [dead link]
- "Romell Broom: Die zweite Hinrichtung".
- "The Second Execution of Romell Broom". 1 January 2000 – via IMDb.
- BOOKS: "Survivor on Death Row" - Ohio's Failed Attempt to Execute Romell Broom, Death Penalty Information Center (Oct. 12, 2012)
- Nonhebel, Clare (03-18-2013) Survivor on Death Row, The Baptist Times
- "Ohio court says inmate who survived botched execution can be put to death". CNN. March 16, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Ohio Supreme Court: Inmate who survived 2009 execution can be put to death". Chicago Tribune. March 16, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Court: Ohio can try again to put prisoner to death after botched execution". The Guardian. March 17, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Ohio can try again to kill condemned man who survived botched execution, court rules". Los Angeles Times. March 16, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Connor, Tracy (March 16, 2016). "Court OKs Ohio Do-Over of Failed Lethal Injection of Romell Broom". NBC NEWS. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Botched execution survivor in Ohio asks Supreme Court to halt 2nd try". CNN. August 23, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- "Ohio Inmate Romell Brown Who Survived 2009 Execution Appeals to High Court". NBC NEWS. August 23, 2016. Retrieved November 13, 2016.
- Williams, Pete (12 December 2016). "Supreme Court Rejects Challenge to Lethal Injection". NBC News. NBC News. NBC News. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "Court schedules 2nd execution attempt for Ohio killer". The Associated Press. The Morning Journal. 19 May 2017. Retrieved 29 December 2017.