||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (November 2015)|
|Sir Ronald Cohen|
|Born||Ronald Mourad Cohen
1 August 1945
|Alma mater||Oxford University
Harvard Business School
|Net worth||£220 million|
|Spouse(s)||Carol Belmont (divorced)
Claire Enders (divorced)
|Parent(s)||Michael Mourad Cohen
|Relatives||Yossi Harel (father-in-law)|
Sir Ronald Mourad Cohen (born 1 August 1945) is an Egyptian-born British businessman and political figure, known as "the father of British venture capital" and "the father of social investment".
Ronald Mourad Cohen was born in Egypt on 1 August 1945, the son of Michael Mourad Cohen, a banker, and Sonia Douek. His family are Sephardi Jews, originally from Aleppo, Syria, though his mother, Sonia Douek, is British by nationality. In 1957, following the Suez Crisis, Cohen's family was forced to abandon all their assets and flee Egyptian President Nassar's persecution of Jews. The family (including younger brother Andre) moved to England. His father started his own import/export business, but having arrived with just £10, life was a struggle.
Though initially speaking only a few words of English, Cohen went to Orange Hill grammar school in North London, now part of Mill Hill County High School where despite describing it as "a school of very doubtful reputation" he excelled.
Cohen won a scholarship to Oxford University, where he became President of the Oxford Union, and earned a degree in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Exeter College. He subsequently attended Harvard Business School, where he was a member of the Harvard Business School Rugby Club.
After leaving Harvard Business School, Cohen worked as a management consultant for McKinsey & Company in the UK and Italy. In 1972, along with two former business school colleagues as partners, he founded Apax Partners, one of Britain's first venture capital firms. The company grew slowly at first, but expanded rapidly in the 1990s, becoming Britain's largest venture capital firm, and "one of three truly global venture capital firms". Apax provided startup capital for over 500 companies, and provided money for many others, including AOL, Virgin Radio, Waterstone's, and PPL Therapeutics, the company that cloned Dolly the sheep. In 1996 Cohen helped establish Easdaq, a technology focused stock exchange intended to be the European counterpart to the American NASDAQ. He is the recipient of a Jubilee Award for services to Israeli business, awarded by Benjamin Netanyahu and the BVCA's Lifetime Achievement Award. He is a member of the Harvard Board of Overseers and is also a fellow of Exeter College, Oxford.
In 2000, at the invitation of the Treasury he became Chairman of the Social Investment Task Force (SITF). The remit of the SITF was "to set out how entrepreneurial practices could be applied to obtain higher social and financial returns from social investment, to harness new talents and skills, to address economic regeneration and to unleash new sources of private and institutional investment". The SITF made several recommendations to Government, including that it: (1) introduce Community Investment Tax Relief (CITR); (2) match finance to help set up the first community development venture capital fund; (3) encourage banks to disclose more of their lending activities; (4) to support legislative and regulatory changes to provide greater latitude and encouragement for charitable trusts and foundations to invest in community development finance; and (5) to create the Community Development Finance Association (cdfa) to provide support for community development finance institutions (CDFIs).
In 2002, he co-founded and became chairman of Bridges Ventures, an innovative sustainable growth investor that delivers both financial returns and social and environmental benefits. Bridges Ventures has raised eight successful funds to date: Bridges Sustainable Growth Funds I, II and III, the Bridges Sustainable Property Fund, the CarePlaces Fund, Bridges Property Alternatives III, the Bridges Social Entrepreneurs Fund, and the Bridges Social Impact Bond Fund. The organisation currently has almost £600 million under management. The portfolio includes a number of businesses who invest in regeneration areas or have a sustainable business model. Bridges Ventures has had several successful exits to date, including The Gym Group, The Office, Simply Switch, HS Atec and Harlands of Hull.
In 2003, Cohen co-founded the Portland Trust with Sir Harry Solomon, co-founder and former chairman and CEO of Hillsdown Holdings. The aim of Portland Trust is to help develop the Palestinian private sector and relieve poverty through entrepreneurship in Israel. Portland Trust is involved in a number of important initiatives, including the development of financial and economic infrastructure, housing, trade, investment, and entrepreneurship. The Portland Trust has offices in London, Tel Aviv and Ramallah.
In 2005, Cohen chaired the Commission on Unclaimed Assets. which looked into how unclaimed funds from dormant bank accounts could be used to benefit the public. The final recommendation of the Commission was that a Social Investment Wholesale Bank be created to help finance charitable and voluntary projects by providing seed capital and loan guarantees.
In 2007 he co-founded and became a non-executive director of Social Finance UK, a London-based advisory organisation that has worked to create a social investment market in the UK. The organisation provides access to capital, designs social finance interventions and offers advice to investors and social sector entities interested in delivering significant social impact. It has developed the social impact bondwhich is a financial instrument that is an outcomes-based contract in which public sector commissioners commit to pay for significant improvement in social outcomes for a defined population. Social Finance has set up a pilot social impact bond with the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) in September 2010 to reduce re-offending amongst male prisoners leaving HMP Peterborough who have served a sentence of less than 12 months. During the Peterborough Prison pilot, experienced social sector organisations, such as St. Giles Trust and the Ormiston Children and Families Trust, will provide intensive support to 3,000 short-term prisoners over a six-year period, both inside prison and after release, to help them resettle into the community. If this initiative reduces re-offending by 7.5%, or more, investors will receive from Government a share of the long term savings. If the SIB delivers a drop in re-offending beyond the threshold, investors will receive an increasing return the greater the success at achieving the social outcome, up to a maximum of 13%. Cohen is also a member of the board of directors for Social Finance UK's sister organisation in the United States, Social Finance US.
In 2010, Cohen chaired a review of the work of the SITF in 2010 and published a report titled Social Investment: Ten Years On which assess the changes that had happened over the last decade in the area of social investment. The report found that there are three specific initiatives that will help define the future of the social investment market in the UK: (1) establishing the infrastructure necessary to create a dynamic market in social investment through initiatives such as the Social Investment Bank; (2) creating new tools to deliver social change through financial instruments such as the social impact bond; (3) engaging the financial sector to invest in disadvantaged areas through the Community Reinvestment Act.
Big Society Capital
Since its official launch in July 2011, Sir Ronald Cohen has been the Chairman of Big Society Capital, Britain's first social investment bank. The role of the BSC is to help speed up the growth of the social investment market, so that socially orientated financial organisations will have greater access to affordable capital, using an estimated £400million in unclaimed assets left dormant in bank accounts for over 15 years and £200million from the UK's largest high street banks. Its first £1 million investment from dormant accounts has gone to the Private Equity Foundation, an organisation whose mission it is to support disadvantaged young people into employment, education or training.
Cohen was chairman of Apax at the time of the Apax-owned British United Shoe Machinery pension collapse in 2000 which left 544 workers, many of them long service, without any pension. Collapse followed demerger from USM-Texon and asset transfer between the companies. Pension funds were transferred to the new BUSM scheme two weeks before receivership, and 4 days before a new revaluation was due. MPs Edward Garnier, Patricia Hewitt and Ashok Kumar all called for a proper enquiry, Garnier citing the "mysterious circumstances" under which the pensions "disappeared", whilst Hewitt said "it is clearly important that such serious allegations are properly investigated." No new investigation took place, leading Kumar to say "I think these people need flogging. I feel so angry on behalf of decent upright citizens robbed of their basic human rights. ... These are greedy, selfish capitalists who live on the backs of others."
In 1996 he switched allegiance to the Labour Party, becoming a supporter of Tony Blair. In 2004, Cohen was the Labour Party's fourth largest financial supporter, after Lord Sainsbury, Sir Christopher Ondaatje and Lord Hamlyn.
In November 2011 he was financially linked with a new "non-political" movement in Israel, the sole goal of which is to change the country's electoral system.
In 1972 Cohen married Carol Belmont; they divorced in 1975. In 1983 he married a second time, to Claire Enders; they divorced in 1986. Cohen married his third wife in 1987, Sharon Harel, daughter of Yossi Harel, the commander of the Holocaust survivors' ship Exodus. They have two children and live in London.
- Cohen, Ronald (November 2007). The Second Bounce of the Ball: Turning Risk into Opportunity. London: Weidefeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-85148-6.
- "Sunday Times Rich List". Sunday Times (page 54). 18 May 2014.
- Brown picks tycoon to back power bid, The Sunday Times, 16 January 2005. Accessed 22 March 2006
- "Good Deals 10: Bond and bank are vital to sector’s growth, says Cohen | Social Enterprise". Socialenterpriselive.com. 2010-11-16. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- Gianasso, Alexandre (9 October 2014). "An interview with Sir Ronald Cohen, the father of Venture Capital in the UK". Affairs Today.
- Mathiason, Nick (4 November 2007). "The high priest of money-making". The Observer. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
- Profile: Sir Ronald Cohen: Midas with a mission – to make Gordon king, The Sunday Times, 23 January 2005. Accessed 22 March 2006.
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- "Social Investment Task Force". Social Investment Task Force. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "ENTERPRISING COMMUNITIES: WEALTH BEYOND WELFARE" (PDF). Socialinvestmenttaskforce.org. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "Home". Bridges Ventures. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "About Us". Bridges Ventures. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "Our Funds". Bridges Ventures. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
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- "We partner with government, social sector and the financial community to find better solutions to society’s most difficult problems.". Socialfinance.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "A SIB is a financial mechanism in which investors pay for a set of interventions to improve a social outcome that is of social and/or financial interest to a government commissioner.". Socialfinance.org.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
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- "Cohen’s Social Investment Task Force bows out | Social Enterprise". Socialenterpriselive.com. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- "Big Society Bank launched - Press releases - GOV.UK". Cabinetoffice.gov.uk. 2011-07-29. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
- Pam Atherton (18 May 2005). "Another pensions problem for the Government". Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 20 February 2008.
- "Stakeholder Pensions". Hansard. 25 July 2005. Retrieved 24 February 2010.
- Patricia Hewitt MP (21 June 2005), Letter to Alan Johnson MP Ref CARL002/050826
- Nick Mathiason (10 June 2007). "'Private equity stole our pensions'". Observer Newspapers. Retrieved 28 February 2010.
- David Hencke (4 June 2004). "Union seeks tax on private equity to refund pension losses". Guardian newspapers. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
- "הדפסה". nrg. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
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