Rosenmund reduction

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Rosenmund reduction
Named after Karl Wilhelm Rosenmund
Reaction type Organic redox reaction
Organic Chemistry Portal rosenmund-reduction
RSC ontology ID RXNO:0000136

The Rosenmund reduction is a hydrogenation process in which an acyl chloride is selectively reduced to an aldehyde. The reaction was named after Karl Wilhelm Rosenmund who first reported it in 1918.[1]

The Rosenmund reduction

The reaction is catalysed by palladium on barium sulfate, which is sometimes called the Rosenmund catalyst. Barium sulfate has a low surface area which reduces the activity of the palladium, preventing over-reduction. However, for certain reactive acyl chlorides the activity must be reduced further, by the addition of a poison. Originally this was thioquinanthrene although thiourea[2] has also been used.[3][4] Deactivation is required because the system must reduce the acyl chloride but not the subsequent aldehyde. If further reduction does take place it will create a primary alcohol which would then react with the remaining acyl chloride to form an ester.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rosenmund, K. W. (1918). "Über eine neue Methode zur Darstellung von Aldehyden. 1. Mitteilung". Chemische Berichte (in German). 51: 585–593. doi:10.1002/cber.19180510170. 
  2. ^ Weygand, Conrad; Meusel, Werner (12 May 1943). "Über die Abstimmung der katalytischen Hydrierung, III. Mitteil.: Thioharnstoff als Spezifikator bei der Bildung von Benzaldehyd aus Benzoylchlorid". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft (A and B Series) (in German). 76 (5): 503–504. doi:10.1002/cber.19430760510. 
  3. ^ Rosenmund, K. W., Zetzsche, F. (1921). "Über die Beeinflussung der Wirksamkeit von Katalysatoren, 1. bis 5". Chemische Berichte (in German). 54 (3): 425–437; 638–647; 1092–1098; 2033–2037; 2038–2042. doi:10.1002/cber.19210540310. 
  4. ^ Mosettig, E.; Mozingo, R. (1948). "The Rosenmund Reduction of Acid Chlorides to Aldehydes". Organic Reactions. 4: 362–377. doi:10.1002/0471264180.or004.07. 

Further reading[edit]