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In the United States, a number of ships whose construction was authorized during World War I entered service at a time when the post-war cutbacks in funds and personnel seriously curtailed American peacetime naval operations. The Navy established the rotating reserve to maintain a force in readiness. In operation, the system required that one-third of a given force remain alongside, maintained by only the minimum number of officers and men, while another third was to be half-manned and berthed at a buoy in the harbor. The last third was fully manned and remained at buoys in the harbor but were for periodic operations underway at sea.
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