Rotunda of Xewkija

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Rotunda of St John the Baptist
Knisja Arċipretali San Gwann Battista (in Maltese)
Parish Church of St. John the Baptist.png
Aerial view of the Rotunda of Xewkija.
Basic information
LocationXewkija, Malta
Geographic coordinates36°01′59.00″N 14°15′30.00″E / 36.0330556°N 14.2583333°E / 36.0330556; 14.2583333Coordinates: 36°01′59.00″N 14°15′30.00″E / 36.0330556°N 14.2583333°E / 36.0330556; 14.2583333
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceGozo
Year consecrated1978
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusParish
Websitehttp://www.xewkijaparish.org
Architectural description
Architect(s)Joseph Damato Damato is also written D'Amato but the family writes it without an ( ' ).
Architectural typeChurch
Architectural styleBaroque
Completed1978
Specifications
Direction of façadeN
MaterialsMaltese Limestone

The Church of Saint John the Baptist, commonly known as the Rotunda of Xewkija or Xewkija Rotunda, is a Roman Catholic church in Xewkija, Gozo, Malta.

The Rotunda was built in the village of Xewkija. On 27 November 1678, Bishop Miguel Jerónimo de Molina raised Xewkija from a hamlet to the status of a village, and as the first parish of Gozo outside the town.

The interior

The parishioners, traditionally renowned for their craftsmanship and their building abilities in Maltese Limestone, expressed their wish to construct a bigger church. Built in the 20th century on the site of a previous church, the church was designed by the Maltese architect Joseph Damato. Its dome internal diameter is 27 metres (89 ft). The dome is 75 metres (246 ft) high. Its calculated weight is 45,000 tons. The circumference is 85 metres (279 ft). The dome is supported by 8 large concrete columns covered with stone. The dome is the world’s third highest unsupported dome.[1][2] The interior is decorated with fine sculpture and modern paintings. The floor is of polished Carrara marble. The Rotunda is the largest church in Gozo and one of Gozo's distinctive landmarks.

The plans of Damato were based on the Santa Maria della Salute church of Venezia, but on a larger scale. The foundation stone of the Rotunda was laid on 4 May 1952. The old church which was rebuilt at least twice, was left in place while the Rotunda was being built around it, allowing the local people to have a place of worship. The church was officially consecrated on 17 June 1978.

The old church was then carefully dismantled and the best sculptures were saved and rebuilt in an adjacent building under the church belfry. It is now known as the Sculpture Museum. This museum accessible within the church, features the best "lacework" in Maltese stone as well as some important items of the old church, including the main altar with the old titular painting. Within the same museum, one can take an elevator to the dome, where one can go around the dome and enjoy spectacular panoramic views of Gozo and the Northern part of Malta. [3]

The front cuppola of the Rotunda being built.

The Rotunda is dedicated to Saint John the Baptist. The parish celebrates the main feast on the liturgical feast of the nativity of Saint John the Baptist which fall on 24 June, and the external festivities are celebrated on the closest Sunday. A secondary feast is also celebrated on the liturgical feast of the beheading of Saint John the Baptist.

The Rotunda is also the Spiritual Seat for the Sovereign Military Order of Malta known also as the Knights of Malta.[4] [5]

The church building is listed on the National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ltd, Allied Newspapers. "Mgarr ix-Xini among CNN's 10 places to visit before they change for ever". Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  2. ^ CNN, Tamara Hinson, for (23 March 2015). "10 places to see before they change forever". CNN Travel. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  3. ^ "Xewkija at Gozo Diocese". gozodiocese.org. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  4. ^ "XewkijaParish.org - Home". www.xewkijaparish.org. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Maltesering Idéias - usando a internet a nosso favor para criar idéias". Maltesering Idéias. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  6. ^ "Parish Church of St. John the Baptist" (PDF). National Inventory of the Cultural Property of the Maltese Islands. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2015.