Round Tower (Portsmouth)

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Round Tower
Round tower viewed from gosport.JPG
TypeFortification
LocationBroad Street, Portsmouth
Coordinates50°47.432′N 001°06.531′W / 50.790533°N 1.108850°W / 50.790533; -1.108850Coordinates: 50°47.432′N 001°06.531′W / 50.790533°N 1.108850°W / 50.790533; -1.108850
OS grid referenceSZ 62911 99373
AreaHampshire
Builtc.1490
Architectural style(s)Tudor
OwnerPortsmouth City Council
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name: The Round Tower
Designated30 October 1969
Reference no.1386901
Round Tower (Portsmouth) is located in Hampshire
Round Tower (Portsmouth)
Location of Round Tower in Hampshire

The Round Tower is a fortification at the entrance to Portsmouth harbour.[1] It is a Grade I listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The site was originally occupied by a wooden tower before being replaced by a stone one.[3]

The wooden tower[edit]

The wooden tower was built between 1418 and 1426 on the orders of King Henry V,[3] or c1415.[4]

In 1422, a defensive chain that could be raised in an emergency was built from the round tower across the harbour entrance.[5]

The stone tower[edit]

A depiction of how the round tower appeared in 1545

In the 1490s the tower was rebuilt in stone.[6] In the 1680s a line of ramparts was added that connected the tower to the square tower.[6] The upper section was later rebuilt during the Napoleonic wars.[1] Between 1847 and 1850 the roof of the tower was modified to serve as a gun platform.[7] Portsmouth city council purchased the tower in 1958.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pettifer, Adrian (2000). English Castles: A Guide by Counties. Boydell & Brewer. p. 89. ISBN 0-85115-782-3.
  2. ^ Historic England. "THE ROUND TOWER (1386901)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b "History of Portsmouth". Portsmouth City Council. Archived from the original on 14 February 2007. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  4. ^ "THE ROUND TOWER, City of Portsmouth - 1386901 | Historic England". web.archive.org. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  5. ^ Head of cultural services (3 June 2005). "Round Tower, Bronze Plaque" (PDF). Portsmouth City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  6. ^ a b Brown, Paul (2005). Maritime Portsmouth A History and Guide. Tempus Publishing Ltd. pp. 81–82. ISBN 0-7524-3537-X.
  7. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; LLoyd, David (1967). The Buildings of England Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Penguin Books. p. 422. ISBN 0140710329.
  8. ^ Gates, William G (1987). Peak, Nigel (ed.). The Portsmouth that has Passed: With a Glimpse of Gosport. Milestone Publications. p. 16. ISBN 1-85265-111-3.

External links[edit]