Royal Watercolour Society
The Royal Watercolour Society (originally called the Society of Painters in Water Colours, briefly the Society of Painters in Oil and Watercolours, and for much of its existence the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours) is an English institution of painters working in watercolours. It should not be confused with the separate organisation, the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours. The Royal Watercolour Society is a UK centre of excellence for water based media on paper, which allows for a diverse and interesting range of approaches to the medium of watercolour. The Society's offices are at Bankside Gallery in London.
Its members, or associates, use the postnominal initials RWS. Members are elected annually by the membership, with typically half a dozen new associates joining the Society each year. The current president of the Royal Watercolour Society is Thomas Plunkett, who was elected in April 2012.
The society was founded as the Society of Painters in Water Colours (sometimes referred to as the Old Water Colour Society, and just Old Society) in 1804 by William Frederick Wells and its original membership was: William Sawrey Gilpin, Robert Hills, John Claude Nattes, John Varley, Cornelius Varley, Francis Nicholson, Samuel Shelley, William Henry Pyne and Nicholas Pocock. The members seceded from the Royal Academy where they felt that their work commanded insufficient respect and attention.
In 1812, the Society reformed as the Society of Painters in Oil and Watercolours, reverting to its original name in 1820. The Society obtained its Royal charter 1881 under the presidency of Sir John Gilbert as the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours. In 1988, it changed its name again to the Royal Watercolour Society, by which it had always previously been generally known.
The Royal Watercolour Society was founded to promote watercolour as a medium in all its applications. The Society defines a 'watercolour' as a work made in any water based paint on paper. The RWS holds regular exhibitions presenting the finest in British contemporary works on paper. Exhibitions are held at Bankside Gallery and also tour outside London. The 75 Members choose new Associates each year in a rigorous Election procedure. Full membership is granted following a show of hands at an AGM. The Society's Education programme includes practical courses tutored by Members and drop in family events days as well as talks and discussions. The Archive and Diploma Collection is available for research. As all Members are recorded here, the provenance of any painting purchased from the RWS can be assured. The current president Thomas Plunkett was elected in 2012.
It is a separate organisation from the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours.
- William Sawrey Gilpin (1804–1806)
- William Frederick Wells (1806–1807)
- John Glover (1808)
- Ramsay Richard Reinagle (1808–1812)
- Francis Nicholson (1812–1813)
- John Warwick Smith (1814)
- John Glover (1815)
- Joshua Cristall (1816)
- John Warwick Smith (1817–1818)
- Joshua Cristall (1819)
- George Fennell Robson (1820)
- Joshua Cristall (1821–1831)
- Anthony Van Dyke Copley Fielding (1831–1855)
- John Frederick Lewis (1856–1858)
- John Frederick Tayler (1858–1870)
- Sir John Gilbert (1871–1897)
- Sir Ernest Waterlow (1897–1913)
- Alfred Parsons (1913–1920)
- Sir Herbert Hughes-Stanton (1920–1936)
- Sir William Russell Flint (1936–1956)
- Robert Austin (1957–1973)
- Andrew Freeth (1974–1976)
- Ernest Greenwood (1976–1984)
- Maurice Sheppard (1984–1987)
- Charles Bartlett (1987–1992)
- Leslie Worth (1992–1995)
- Richard Seddon (1995–1996)
- John Doyle (1996–2000)
- Francis Bowyer (2000–2003)
- Trevor Frankland (2003–2006)
- Richard Sorrell (2006–2009)
- David Paskett (2009-2012)
- Thomas Plunkett (2012–present)
- Fenwick, S. & Smith, G. (1997). The Business of Watercolour: A Guide to the Archives of the Royal Watercolour Society. Ashgate. ISBN 1-85928-445-0.
- Roget, J.L. (1891). A History of the Old Water-Colour Society, now the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours. 2 vols, London.