List of rulers of Saba and Himyar

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This is a list of rulers of Saba and Himyar. It is based on the unabridged book of Dr. Jawad Ali "The history of Arab nations before Islam" which derives and reconstructs the lineage of the kings of Saba and Himyar based on inscriptions and other historiographical evidence. This book is in Arabic and has been translated to Persian. In the Qur'an, the title "Tubba" is used to refer to these rulers.[1] Spellings sometimes differ from those used in most English sources and in other Wikipedia articles.

Version 1
  • Samahu 'Ali ca. 750 BC
  • Yada'-il Dharih ?
  • Yathi'-amar Watar I ?
  • Yada'-il Bayin I ?
  • Yathi'-amar Watar II ?
  • Kariba-il Bayin ?
  • Dhamar 'Ali Watar ?
  • Samahu 'Ali Yanif I ?
  • Yathi'-amar Bayin I ?
  • Kariba-il Watar I ca. 450 BC
  • Samahu 'Ali Darih ?
  • Kariba-il Watar II ?
  • Il-Sharah I ?
  • Yada ?
  • Yakrib ?
  • Yathi' ?
  • Karib-il ?
  • Samah ?
  • Il-Sharah II ?
  • Dhamar ?
  • Yada' ?
  • Dhamar ?
  • Karib-il Watar IV ?
  • Il-Karib Yuhan'im ?
  • Karib-il Watar V ?
  • Wahb-il ?
  • Anmar Yuhan'im ?
  • Dhamar 'Ali Darih ?
  • Nash'a-Karib Yuhamin ?
  • Nasir Yuhan'im ?
  • Wahb-il Yahuz ?
  • Karib-il Watar Yuhan'im ?
  • Yarim Ayman I ca. 80-ca. 60 BC
  • 'Alhan Nahfan ca. 60- ? BC
  • Far'um Yanhab ?
  • Yarim Ayman II ca. 35-ca. 25 BC
  • Sha'irum Awtar ca. 25 BC- ? with:
  • Yazil Bayin ca. 25 BCE- ? and with:
  • Ilasharah Yahdub ca. 25 BCE- ?
(reigned after the demise of both
Yazil Bayin and Sha'irum Awtar)
  • Sheba to Himyar thereafter
Version 2
Mukarribs (federators or priest-kings of the Sabians]

Mukarribs of Saba

  • Yada’il Yanif ben Kariba-il ca. 755-ca. 740 BC
  • Samahu 'Ali Darih I ben Yada’il Yanuf ca. 740-715 BC
  • Yathi'-amar Bayin I after 715 BC
  • Dhamar 'Ali I after 715-before ca. 685 BC
  • Kariba-il Watar I ca.685-ca.675 BC
  • Samahu’Ali I after 675 BC
  • Yada’il Darih I ?
  • Samahu 'Ali Yanuf I ?
  • Darih ?
  • Yathi'-amar Watar ?
  • Yada’il Bayin I ?
  • Karib-il Bayin I ?
  • Dhamar 'Ali Watar ?
  • Samahu’Ali Yanuf II ca. 545-ca. 525 BC

Kings of Saba

  • Styled Malik
  • Yathi’-amar Bayin II ca. 525-ca. 495 BC
  • Kariba-il I after 495 BC
  • Yada’il I ? and:
  • Yathi’-amar I
  • Kariba-il II
  • Samahu’Ali II
  • Yada'il II
  • Yathi’amar II
  • Yada’il Bayin II
  • Samahu’Ali Yanuf III
ca. 410-ca. 380 BC and:
  • Yathi’-amar Watar I
  • Yaqrub Malik Darih ?
  • Samahu’Ali Yanuf IV ?
  • Yada’il Bayin III ?
  • Yaqrub Malik Watar I ?
  • Yathi’-amar Bayin III before 320 BC
  • Karib-il Watar II ca. 320-ca. 270 BC
  • Yada’il Bayin IV after 270 BC
  • Yaqrub Malik Watar II ?
  • Dhamar’Ali Yanuf ?
  • Yathi’-amar Bayin IV before ca. 200 BC
  • Samahu’Ali Darih II ca. 200-ca. 175 BC
  • Karib-il Bayin II
  • Yathi’-amar III before ca. 140 BC
  •  ??? ca. 140-ca. 116 BC
  • Under Himyar 116-55 BC
  • Samahu’Ali Yanuf V ca. 55 BC
  • Yada’il Watar I ca. 30 BC
  • Dhamar’Ali Bayin I ca. 25 BC
  • Yadail Darih II ca. 10 BC-ca. 10 CE
  • Yathi’-amar Watar II ca. 10-20 CE
  • Yada’il Watar II ca. 20-30 CE
  • Dhamar 'Ali Bayin II ca. 30-60 CE
  • Karib-il Watar Yuhan'im ca. 60-75 CE
  • Dhamar’Ali Darih ca. 75-85 CE
  • Ilasharah Yahdub ca. 85-100 CE
  • Most parts to Himyar thereafter

Gurat and Marib

These two nations were the remnants
of Sheba and both fell to Himyar in
the 3rd Century.

Gurat

ca. 85-ca. 100 CE
ca. 100-ca. 130 CE
  • Murtaza Yuham'in ca. 130-ca. 160
  •  ??? 160-180
  • Farim Yanhub ca. 180-ca. 200
  • Ilsharah Yahdub II ca. 200-ca. 230
  • Nash'a-Karib Yamin ca. 230-ca. 250
  • To Himyar thereafter

Marib

4th Century BC
  • Yas'a 4th Century BC
  •  ??? 4th Century BC-ca.100 CE
  • Bahab’il Yahuz ca. 100-ca. 130 CE
  • Anmar Yuhamin ca. 130-ca. 140 CE
  • Kariba-il Watar Yuham’in after ca. 140 CE
  • Rabb Shams Nimran
after ca. 140 CE-before ca.190 ce
  • Sahr Autar ca. 190-ca. 200
  • Lahay’atat Yarham ca. 200
  • To Himyar thereafter

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brannon M. Wheeler (2002). Prophets in the Quran: An Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 166. ISBN 0-8264-4956-5.