Russell M. Perry
|Russell M. Perry|
|Oklahoma Secretary of Economic Development and Special Affairs|
May 2000 – May 2001
as Secretary of Commerce
|Succeeded by||Post abolished
Kathy Taylor as Secretary of Commerce
|Oklahoma Secretary of Commerce|
|Preceded by||Howard Barnett, Jr.|
as Secretary of Economic Development and Special Affairs
|Residence||Oklahoma City, Oklahoma|
|Website||Perry Publishing and Broadcasting Company|
Russell M. Perry is an American businessman, banker, publisher, and broadcaster from Oklahoma. Perry served as the Oklahoma Secretary of Commerce from 1999 to 2000, having been appointed by Governor of Oklahoma Frank Keating. Perry was the first African American to hold that position. After being nominated by Keating, Perry was never confirmed by the Oklahoma Senate. Perry's appointment became a central issue in the 2001 Oklahoma Supreme Court case Keating v. Edmondson.
Perry started the Black Chronicle in 1979, a statewide newspaper based out of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma that focuses on the African community in Oklahoma. At the same time, Perry founded and become the President of Perry Publishing and Broadcasting Company, which is a print media, cable television and radio broadcasting corporation. Perry Publishing owns radio stations KVSP in Oklahoma City, KJMM in Tulsa, and KXCA and KKRX in Lawton.
Perry would later come to own the controlling interest in First Security Bank of Oklahoma City.
In 1999, following the resignation of Howard Barnett, Jr., Governor of Oklahoma Frank Keating appointed Perry to serve as his third Secretary of Commerce, making Perry the first African American to ever serve in that position.
Perry served as Secretary in an unconfirmed basis while his Governor Keating sent his nomination to the Oklahoma Senate. Initially Perry's nomination was set to be heard by Senate Economic Development Committee, where the nominations of Dean Werries, Ron Rosenfeld and Howard Barnett, Jr. (Keating's former Secretaries of Commerce) had been heard. However, President pro tempore of the Oklahoma Senate Stratton Taylor (at the request of State Senator Angela Monson) transferred his nomination to the Senate Finance Committee, which Senator Monson chaired. Though 10 members of the 15 member committee favored Perry's appointment, Senator Monson blocked the nomination by never allowing it to be heard before the Finance Committee. Ultimately, the Oklahoma Senate adjourned without ever hearing Perry's nomination.
Governor Keating and Perry claimed that the reason Perry's nomination was not heard was because he was a conservative Republican African American. They claimed that the move was done at the request of the Legislative Black Caucus, all member of which were Democrats. Senator Monson, however, said that Perry's salary as Commerce Secretary would cost the State too much and be duplicative.
Economic Development Secretary
After Perry spent a year in political limbo, in May 2000 Governor Keating issued Executive Order 2000-11 which abolished the position of Secretary of Commerce and established the position of Secretary of Economic Development and Special Affairs. Keating then nominated Perry to the new position, which Perry would serve in on a voluntary basis.
On June 8, 2000, Senator Monson submitted a request for an official opinion to Attorney General of Oklahoma Drew Edmondson concerning Keating's actions. Edmondson issued Attorney General Opinion 2000-54 on October 26, 2000, in which Edmondson found Keating's actions against the provisions of the Executive Branch Reform Act of 1986. Governor Keating then filed a petition on October 27, 2000, in Oklahoma County District Court to overturn Edmondson's opinion. After hearing oral arguments, the trial judge upheld the Attorney General's opinion.
On December 29, 2000, Keating appealed a single issue - whether a Governor is empowered to reorganize the executive Cabinet throughout the term of office. The appeal was sent to the Oklahoma Supreme Court for consideration.
In May 2001, Keating withdraw Perry's nomination for consideration as Economic Development Secretary and instead appointed Perry as his Special Adviser for Economic Development, which is a non-cabinet-level post.
Keating v. Edmondson
The Supreme Court decided the case of Keating v. Edmondson on December 4, 2001. In a unanimous decision, the Court rejected the Governor's appeal and upheld Edmondson's opinion. Chief Justice Rudolph Hargrave authored the majority opinion and was joined by Justices Watt, Hodges, Lavender, Opala, Kauger, Summers, and Boudreau. Justice Winchester wrote a concurring opinion to the majority. Noting that the legislative intent was clear and not ambiguous, the Court rejected the Governor's position and found that state law provided the Governor no power to alter Cabinet positions at will.
In 2006, Perry was inducted into the Oklahoma Association of Broadcasters Hall of Fame.
Howard Barnett, Jr.
|Oklahoma Secretary of Commerce
Under Governor Frank Keating
1999 - 2000
As Secretary of Economic Development and Special Affairs
As Secretary of Commerce
|Oklahoma Secretary of Economic Development and Special Affairs
Under Governor Frank Keating
2000 - 2001
Kathy Taylor as Secretary of Commerce and Tourism