Rusty-backed spinetail

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Rusty-backed spinetail
ARREDIO-DO-RIO (Cranioleuca vulpina) (12298441466).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Furnariidae
Genus: Cranioleuca
Species: C. vulpina
Binomial name
Cranioleuca vulpina
(Pelzeln, 1856)
Synonyms

Cranioleuca dissita Wetmore, 1957

The rusty-backed spinetail (Cranioleuca vulpina) is a Neotropical species of bird in the Furnariidae (ovenbird) family. The taxon from Panama is considered a separate species, the Coiba spinetail (C. dissita).

It is found in most of central and northern South America and southern Central America including Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Panama, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and is most commonly found in dense undergrowth or vine covered forests [2] The population has been reported in decline due to predation by invasive species but is not believed to be approaching the thresholds for vulnerable status.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Cranioleuca vulpina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Ridgely, R. S.; Gwynne, J. A. 1989. A guide to the birds of Panama with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, and Honduras. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  3. ^ del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.