Ruxox Cell

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Ruxox Cell (sometimes spelled Rokesac) was a moated chapel, or monastic cell, established in the twelfth century in the parish of Flitwick in Bedfordshire, England. Situated on the east side of the village of Ruxox, it was granted to the Augustinian priory of Dunstable by Philip de Sanvill, Lord of Flitwick, c. 1170. The grant was confirmed by William, Earl of Aumale (d. 1189), and his wife, Hawise (d. 1214), who was Countess of Aumale in her own right. It was dedicated to St. Nicholas by Robert de Chesney, bishop of Lincoln (d. 1166).[1] Priors from Dunstable would sometimes retire to Roxux.[2]

Only a few extant documents from the thirteenth century make reference to Ruxox: (a) an old deed in the cartulary of Dunstable, now in the British Museum, which mentions Alexander, canon of Ruxox, and contains several grants to the chapel; and (b) the chronicle of Dunstable, which includes a reference to the prior at Ruxox under the year 1205, an account of two friars, Michael de Peck and John de Hallings, and others of the household of Ruxox under the year 1283;[3] and a notice that two of the canons at Ruxox along with Stephen, parson of Flitwick, died and were buried at the site in 1290.[4]

Archaeological excavation at the site has revealed foundations of a wall near the bank of the River Flit, which runs five feet below ground parallel to the river for a short distance before going off at a 45o angle. It is composed of sandstone and other blocks, and partly pinned beneath it is a beam 10 ft. long and 2 ft. wide resting on underlying piles. Remains of Roman roads have been nearby, yet, even though Roman pottery has also been found along the wall, researchers consider the site to be more medieval than Roman primarily due to the re-use of a carved sandstone column base in the wall.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parishes: Flitwick". British History Online. Institute of Historical Research and the History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ruxox Chapel or Priory Cell". Historic England. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  3. ^ Lysons, Daniel; Lysons, Samuel, eds. (1806). Magna Britannia: Being a Concise Topographical Account of the Several Counties of Great Britain. London. pp. 1:87-88. Retrieved 23 January 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ "Parishes: Flitwick".
  5. ^ "Ruxox Chapel".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°00′45″N 0°28′32″W / 52.012428°N 0.475647°W / 52.012428; -0.475647 (Ruxox Cell)