São Pedro do Sul, Portugal

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São Pedro do Sul
Municipality
Flag of São Pedro do Sul
Flag
Coat of arms of São Pedro do Sul
Coat of arms
LocalSaoPedroDoSul.svg
Coordinates: 40°45′N 8°04′W / 40.750°N 8.067°W / 40.750; -8.067Coordinates: 40°45′N 8°04′W / 40.750°N 8.067°W / 40.750; -8.067
Country  Portugal
Region Centro
Subregion Dão-Lafões
Intermunic. comm. Viseu Dão Lafões
District Viseu
Parishes 14
Government
 • President António Figueiredo (PSD)
Area
 • Total 348.95 km2 (134.73 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 16,851
 • Density 48/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Website http://www.cm-spsul.pt

São Pedro do Sul (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w ˈpeðɾu ðu ˈsuɫ]) is a municipality in the Central Portuguese district of Viseu. Part of the subregion of Dão-Lafões, the municipality has a population of 16,851 inhabitants and includes 14 civil parishes. The seat of this municipality is the city of São Pedro do Sul, with a population of 5,728 inhabitants.

History[edit]

Pre-Roman[edit]

One of the oldest monuments of the region is the "Pedra Escrita" that is a written granitic megalith dated from 10th century BC.

In the region exist 3 known "Castros". The castro is a fortified village that began to be inhabited from the 6th century BC, lacking streets of right angles and full of construction almost always circular. One of the Castros in São Pedro do Sul is Castro da Cárcoda.

Roman Era[edit]

In the region exist several Roman bridges and Roman Thermal Spas.

Middle Ages[edit]

São Pedro do Sul was the southern border of the Kingdom of Portugal at the time of the Foundation of the country, being the natural border the river Vouga that's the reason of the name "Saint Peter of South".

The first King of Portugal Afonso Henriques lived in São Pedro do Sul while healing is injuries after the battle of Badajoz.

Early Modern[edit]

The municipality was created in 1836 when the municipality of Lafões was divided, forming São Pedro do Sul and Vouzela.

Late modern and contemporary[edit]

São Pedro do Sul was elevated to the status of city on 12 June 2009.

Thermal Town[edit]

São Pedro do Sul is world wide famous for the thermal baths dating back to pre-Roman time.


Geography[edit]

The municipality is located in the north, along the Castro valley (southeast of Viseu), bordered in the south by Vouzela, to the south and west by Oliveira de Frades (northern section), in the west by Vale de Cambra and in the northwest by Arouca.

São Pedro do Sul is a municipality in the vallye of Lafões, framed by the massifs of the sierras of Arada, Gralheira and São Macário. These massifs with green landscapes and crystalline water courses, hide many settlements. From the peak of São Macário, at 1,054 metres (3,458 ft) altitude, there are the views of the mountain range of Montemuro, Estrela and Caramulo.

Population of the municipality of São Pedro do Sul (1849 – 2011)
1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2011
13 844 22 051 23 426 24 273 21 220 19 985 19 083 16 851

The municipal holiday is June 29.

References[edit]

External links[edit]