São Tomé kingfisher

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São Tomé kingfisher
adult (top) and juvenile
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Alcedininae
Genus: Corythornis
Species: C. cristatus
Trinomial name
Corythornis cristatus thomensis
(Salvadori, 1902)
  • Alcedo thomensis

The São Tomé kingfisher (Corythornus cristatus thomensis) is a bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to São Tomé, an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea and was first described by the Italian ornithologist Tommaso Salvadori in 1902 under the binomial name Corythornis thomensis.[2][3] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2008 showed that the São Tomé kingfisher is a subspecies of the malachite kingfisher.[4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2015). "Corythornis thomensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1945). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 5. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 176. 
  3. ^ Salvadori, Tommaso (1902). "On a new kingfisher of the genus Corythornis". Ibis. 8th series. 2: 568. 
  4. ^ Melo, Martim; Fuchs, Jérôme (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships of the Gulf of Guinea Alcedo kingfishers". Ibis. 150 (3): 633–639. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00826.x.