Sérgio Paranhos Fleury

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Sérgio Fernando Paranhos Fleury
Born(1933-05-19)19 May 1933
Died1 May 1979(1979-05-01) (aged 45)
Ilhabela, Brazil
OccupationPolice deputy
EmployerDepartment of Political and Social Order
Known forCapture and death of Carlos Marighella

Sérgio Fernando Paranhos Fleury (19 May 1933 – 1 May 1979) was a Brazilian police deputy during the Brazilian military government. He was chief of DOPS, the Brazilian so called "Department for Political and Social Order", that had a major role during the years of the Brazilian military regime.


He became known for his allegedly participation in torture and extrajudicial killings during the military regime. Several prisoner reports and witness testimonies indicate that he consistently used torture during interrogations during the time of the military regime.[1][2][3]

Fleury himself was directly involved in the torture of Tito de Alencar Lima, known as Friar Tito, a catholic friar who fought against the military regime in Brazil.[4][5]

Besides using torture, Fleury was investigated and denounced by Prosecutors Hélio Bicudo and Dirceu de Mello for murders committed by the Death Squadron. The Public Prosecutor of São Paulo found him to be the main leader of the Death Squadron which was responsible for innumerable extrajudicial killings in Brazil. Although convicted, he did not serve time.[6]

His biography by Brazilian journalist Percival de Souza, titled "Autópsia do Medo", details his involvement with torture and several extrajudicial killings.[7][8] He was chosen as the deputy of the year two times, in 1974 and 1976, and received an award from the governor Abreu Sodré in 1969.

He was responsible for the killing of terrorist leader Carlos Marighella in 1969, and for the attack against members of the Communist Party of Brazil in 1976.

Death and legacy[edit]

According to his wife, he drowned while out on his boat on May 1, 1979.

A street in the city of São Carlos was named after him until 2009, when protests resulted in legislation that changed the name of the street to Frei Tito.[9][10][11]

See also[edit]