SM U-6 (Germany)
|Ordered||8 April 1908|
|Laid down||24 August 1908|
|Launched||18 May 1910|
|Commissioned||12 August 1910|
|Fate||15 September 1915 - Torpedoed by HMS E16 off Stavanger 59°10′N 5°9′E / 59.167°N 5.150°E. 24 dead and 4 survivors.|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type||German Type U 5 submarine|
|Draught||3.55 m (11 ft 8 in)|
|Range||3,300 nmi (6,100 km; 3,800 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph)|
|Test depth||30 m (98 ft)|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement||4 officers, 24 men|
SM U-6 was one of the 329 submarines serving in the Imperial German Navy in World War I. U-6 was engaged in naval warfare and took part in the First Battle of the Atlantic. Torpedoed by HMS E16 off Stavanger, Norway on 15 September 1915.
On 25 February 1915 U-6 left Germany for operations in the English Channel. She reached Cap Gris Nez on 27 February, and on 28 February was preparing to carry out an attack on the British steamer Thordis off Beachy Head, when the submarine's periscope was spotted by the merchant ship, which rammed U-6, damaging U-6's periscope. This forced the submarine to abandon her patrol and return to base.
U-6 operated in the North Sea between 7 and 20 April 1915. Based in Heligoland, she left for the British east coast. On 11 April she launched two torpedo attacks against a steamer off Aberdeen; both attacks failed. For the next three days U-6 observed shipping in the area until she successfully attacked and sank two steamers on 14 April. On 18 April she took the British trawler Glencarse (188 tons) as a prize and headed back to base, arriving in Heligoland on 21 April 1915.
Leaving Heligoland again on 17 July 1915, U-6 sank a Swedish sailing ship of 422 tons carrying timber to Britain on 19 July. On 21 July she took two Swedish steamers as prizes and set two more sailing ships (757 tons) carrying timber to Britain on fire. Three Norwegian sailing ships were burnt on 25 July. After a brief brush with a Q ship the next day, a Swedish steamer and three Danish sailing ships were burned. When she ran low on fuel, U-6 returned to base on 29 July reaching Heligoland the next day.
On 9 September 1915 U-6 sailed for what would be her final cruise. Burning two Norwegian sailing ships carrying timber to Britain on 10 September, U-6 took a Norwegian steamer as prize. Two days later a Norwegian motor vessel was searched and sunk off Kristiansand. On 14 September U-6 met with U-20.
In the afternoon on 15 September 1915, U-6 was attacked by a British submarine with two torpedoes. Evasive manoeuvres were only partly successful. While the first torpedo missed, the second struck U-6 right in front of the conning tower, sinking her instantly. Except for five men on the conning tower all of U-6's crew perished. According to Oberleutnant z.S. Beyer, officer of the watch at the time of her sinking, the smoke from U-6's paraffin engines made the commander of the Royal Navy submarine aware of her presence and enabled him to get into launching position.
Summary of raiding history
|Date||Ship Name||Nationality||Tonnage (GRT)||Fate|
|14 April 1915||Folke||Sweden||1,352||Sunk|
|14 April 1915||Glencarse||United Kingdom||188||Captured as prize|
|14 April 1915||Vestland||Denmark||3,392||Sunk|
|19 April 1915||Capella||Sweden||422||Sunk|
|21 July 1915||Anvers||Norway||862||Captured as prize|
|21 July 1915||Madonna||Sweden||455||Sunk|
|22 July 1915||Fortuna||Sweden||203||Sunk|
|25 July 1915||G. P. Harbitz||Norway||673||Sunk|
|25 July 1915||Harboe||Norway||388||Sunk|
|25 July 1915||Sognedalen||Norway||644||Sunk|
|26 July 1915||Elna||Denmark||78||Sunk|
|26 July 1915||Emma||Sweden||687||Sunk|
|26 July 1915||Marie||Denmark||173||Sunk|
|26 July 1915||Neptunus||Denmark||143||Sunk|
|10 September 1915||Presto||Norway||206||Sunk|
|11 September 1915||Wansbeck||Norway||462||Sunk|
|11 September 1915||Randulf Hansen||Norway||1,287||Captured as prize|
|12 September 1915||Bien||Norway||120||Sunk|
|13 September 1915||Norte||Norway||216||Sunk|
- ^ Gröner 1991, pp. 4–6.
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Wilhelm-Friedrich Starke". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Otto Steinbrinck (Pour le Mérite)". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boat commanders: Reinhold Lepsius". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- ^ Naval Staff Monograph No. 29 1925, pp. 86–87
- ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U 6". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
- Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. Vol. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
- Monograph No. 29: Home Waters—Part IV. From February to July 1915 (PDF). Naval Staff Monographs (Historical). Vol. XIII. The Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division. 1925.
- Rössler, Eberhard (1985). U-Bootbau bis Ende des 1. Weltkriegs, Konstruktionen für das Ausland und die Jahre 1935-1945. Die deutschen U-Boote und ihre Werften (in German). Vol. I. Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe. ISBN 3-7637-5213-7.
- Spindler, Handelskrieg, Vol.II, pp. 75, 133-4, 246-7