|Right ascension||00h 49m 50.02s|
|Declination||+32° 16′ 56.8″|
|Galactic coordinates||NGC 266|
|Progenitor||NGC266 LBV 1|
|Progenitor type||Luminous blue variable|
|Other designations||SN 2005gl|
SN 2005gl was a supernova in the barred-spiral galaxy NGC 266. It was discovered using CCD frames taken October 5, 2005, from the 60 cm automated telescope at the Puckett Observatory in Georgia, US, and reported by Tim Puckett in collaboration with Peter Ceravolo. It was independently identified by Yasuo Sano in Japan. The supernova was located 29.8″ east and 16.7″ north of the galactic core. Based upon its spectrum, this was classified as a Type IIn core-collapse supernova. It has a redshift of z = 0.016, which is the same as the host galaxy.
Using archived images from the Hubble Space Telescope, a candidate progenitor star was identified. This is believed to have been a luminous blue variable (LBV), similar to Eta Carinae, with an absolute magnitude of −10.3 and a surface temperature of about 13,000 K. There was a small probability that the source was instead located in a compact cluster of stars, but the association with the LBV has since been reliably established.
- "Circular No. 8615". Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams, IAU. 2005-10-12. Retrieved 2011-07-05.
- Puckett, T.; Ceravolo, P.; George, D. "Supernova 2005gl in NGC 266". Central Bureau Electronic Telegrams. Bibcode:2005CBET..250....1P.
- "Classification of SNe 2005gl and 2005gm". The Astronomer's Telegram. 2005-10-14. Retrieved 2009-05-20.
- Gal-Yam, Avishay; et al. (2007). "On the progenitor of SN 2005gl and the nature of Type IIn supernovae". The Astrophysical Journal. 656 (1): 372–381. arXiv:astro-ph/0608029. Bibcode:2007ApJ...656..372G. doi:10.1086/510523. S2CID 119344626.
- Gal-Yam, A.; Leonard, D. C. (2009). "A Massive Hypergiant Star as the Progenitor of the Supernova SN 2005gl". Nature. 458 (7240): 865–867. Bibcode:2009Natur.458..865G. doi:10.1038/nature07934. PMID 19305392. S2CID 4392537.
- Light curves and spectra on the Open Supernova Catalog
- Bishop, David. "Supernova 2005gl in NGC 266". International Supernova Network & Rochester Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- Villard, Ray; Gal-Yam, Avishay (2009-03-22). "Hubble Uncovers an Unusual Stellar Progenitor to a Supernova". Hubble News Center. Retrieved 2009-04-20.