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Role Mailplane[1]
National origin France
Manufacturer SPCA
First flight 21 December 1929[1]
Primary user Services Aeriens de Madagascar[2]
Number built 3

The SPCA 40T, also designated the SPCA VII,[1] was a mailplane built in France in the late 1920s. It was a high-wing monoplane of conventional layout with a thick-sectioned, cantilever wing.[1][3] The flight deck and cargo bay were fully enclosed, and the latter could be adapted to seat five passengers.[3][4] The fixed undercarriage consisted of divided main units with spatted wheels, plus a tailskid. Construction was of metal throughout.[1][2]

The two 40Ts were followed by a single example designated 41T with more powerful Salmson 9Nc engines that first flew on 12 December 1931.[1] Services Aeriens de Madagascar operated the 41T between Tananarive and Broken Hill (where the route connected with Imperial Airways).[2][4]

Eventually, the 40Ts were fitted with this same engine, at which time they were redesignated SPCA 218.[1]


  • 40T — initial production version with Salmson 9Ac engines (2 built)
  • 41T — version with Salmson 9Nc engines (1 built)
  • 218 — original 40Ts refitted with Salmson 9Nc engines (2 converted)


Specifications (40T)[edit]

Data from Aviafrance: SPCA 40T[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two pilots
  • Length: 13.18 m (43 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.00 m (65 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in)
  • Wing area: 55.0 m2 (590 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 2,161 kg (4,754 lb)
  • Gross weight: 3,036 kg (6,679 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Salmson 9Ac, 90 kW (120 hp) each


  • Maximum speed: 180 km/h (110 mph)
  • Range: 600 km (380 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 5,950 m (19,500 ft)


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Parmentier 1998
  2. ^ a b c "French Service to Madagascar"
  3. ^ a b The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, p.2860
  4. ^ a b Taylor 1989, p.835


  • "French Service to Madagascar". Flight: 456. 10 May 1934. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing. 
  • Parmentier, Bruno (1998). "S.P.C.A. 40T". Aviafrance. Retrieved 2011-03-02. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. 

External links[edit]