Saccharolobus shibatae

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Saccharolobus shibatae
Scientific classification
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S. shibatae
Binomial name
Saccharolobus shibatae
(Grogan et al. 1991) Sakai and Kurosawa 2018
Synonyms

Sulfolobus shibatae Grogan et al. 1991

Saccharolobus shibatae is an archaeal species belongs to the kingdom Crenarchaeota. Saccharolobus shibatae was described for the first time as Sulfolobus shibatae in 1990, after being isolated from geothermal pools in Beppu, Japan.[1] It was transferred from the genus Sulfolobus to the new genus Saccharolobus with the description of Saccharolobus caldissimus in 2018.[2]

Description[edit]

With a diameter between 0.7-1.5 µm, this organism thrives at a pH and temperature optima of 3.0 and 80 °C, respectively. Given the extreme conditions required for the growth of this microbe it is considered a thermoacidophile, as all organisms in the family Sulfolobaceae.[1][3]

Metabolism[edit]

This organism can grow in complex organic compounds and in sugars, and since it has not been yet determined if S. shibatae can grow autotrophically, this organism is either a heterotrophic or mixotrophic archaeon.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Grogan, D.; Palm, P.; Zillig, W. (1990-01-01). "Isolate B12, which harbours a virus-like element, represents a new species of the archaebacterial genus Sulfolobus, Sulfolobus shibatae, sp. nov". Archives of Microbiology. 154 (6): 594–599. doi:10.1007/bf00248842. ISSN 0302-8933. PMID 1703758.
  2. ^ Sakai, H. D.; Kurosawa, N. (2018-02-27). "Saccharolobus caldissimus gen. nov., sp. nov., a facultatively anaerobic iron-reducing hyperthermophilic archaeon isolated from an acidic terrestrial hot spring, and reclassification of Sulfolobus solfataricus as Saccharolobus solfataricus comb. nov. and Sulfolobus shibatae as Saccharolobus shibatae comb. nov". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 68 (4): 1271–1278. doi:10.1099/ijsem.0.002665. PMID 29485400.
  3. ^ Albers, Sonja-Verena; Siebers, Bettina (2014-01-01). Rosenberg, Eugene; DeLong, Edward F.; Lory, Stephen; Stackebrandt, Erko; Thompson, Fabiano (eds.). The Family Sulfolobaceae. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 323–346. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-38954-2_329. ISBN 9783642389535.

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