Norman Keith Collins
January 14, 1911
|Died||June 12, 1973 (aged 62)|
|Other names||Norman K. Collins, Norman "Sailor Jerry" Collins, NKC, Sailor Jerry, SJ, $|
|Occupation||Tattoo artist, sailor, Musician|
|Spouse(s)||Louise Collins (wife)|
Norman Keith Collins was born on January 14, 1911 in Reno but grew up in Northern California. As a child he hopped freight trains across the country and learned tattooing from a man named "Big Mike" from Palmer, Alaska, originally using the hand-pricking method. In the late 1920s he met Tatts Thomas from Chicago who taught him how to use a tattoo machine. He practiced on drunks brought in from Skid Row. He later sailed the Pacific Ocean before settling in Hawaii in the 1930s.
At age 19, Collins enlisted in the United States Navy. During his subsequent travels at sea, he was exposed to the art and imagery of Southeast Asia. During his career as a tattoo artist, he worked as a licensed skipper of a large three-masted schooner, on which he conducted tours of the Hawaiian islands.
Sailor Jerry made significant contributions to the art of tattooing. He expanded the array of colors available by developing his own pigments. He created custom needle formations that embedded pigment with much less trauma to the skin. He became one of the first artists to utilize single-use needles. He also was one of the first tattoo studios to use an autoclave to sterilize equipment.
Collin's last studio was at 1033 Smith Street in Honolulu's Chinatown, then the only place on the island where tattoo studios were located.
Among Sailor Jerry's most well known designs were:
- Bottles of booze
- The infamous "Aloha" monkey
- Eagles, falcons and other birds of prey
- Motor heads and pistons
- Nautical stars
- Classically styled scroll banners
- Knives, guns and other weapons
- Hawaii themes
- Pin-up girls
Sailor Jerry's influence on the art of modern tattooing is widely recognized.
Since 2015, an annual independently produced event now takes place in Hawaii every June called the "Sailor Jerry Festival" to honor Collins's legacy and Chinatown roots on Oahu. The multi-venue event includes live music, DJ's, cabaret performances, an art show - featured artists have included Sailor Jerry's great-grand niece Madison Thomas, local artists, and Masami Teraoka, movie screenings, a pin-up fashion show – where models wear outfits designed from Sailor Jerry flash, neighborhood tours, and tattoos available at three area shops, including Sailor Jerry's last location. A portion of the proceeds from the event is donated every year to the Collins family by the festival founder (Jason Miller of 808shows.com/Hawaiian Express Records) and his co-host 'Josh86' (a popular musician and entrepreneur).
In 1999, Ed Hardy and Mike Malone partnered with Steven Grasse from the Philadelphia-based creative agency, Quaker City Mercantile, to establish Sailor Jerry Ltd. The limited company, which owns the commercial rights to Collins' letters, art, and flash (tattoos), uses his designs on clothing and items such as ash trays, sneakers, playing cards, churchkeys and shot glasses. As an anti-sweatshop company, Sailor Jerry Ltd. produces nearly all its items in the United States and sells them from the company's web site. The company also showcases rising talents within the Tattoo industry in its "Artist Series" which it describes as a way to "keep Sailor Jerry's legacy alive and kicking".
Sailor Jerry Ltd. produces a 92 proof spiced Navy rum featuring a quintessential Sailor Jerry hula girl on the label. As the bottle is emptied, additional pin-up girls designed by Sailor Jerry are visible on the inner side of the label. The rum is distilled in the U.S. Virgin Islands. It takes its influence from Caribbean rum, which sailors would spice with flavors from the Far East and Asia. In 2010, the 40% ABV formula being sold in the United Kingdom was changed to include a less sweet taste in a move that was described as more "vanilla and caramel flavours".
None of Collins' family profit from his creations or the things that have come from them since. There is a legal disagreement as to his naming rights.
Sailor Jerry was married more than once and his widow Louise still resides in Hawaii, as do several of his children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.
- "Norman Keith Collins". Tattoo Archive. 2015. Archived from the original on November 5, 2011. Retrieved October 10, 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- DeMello, Margo (2007). Encyclopedia of Body Adornment. ABC-CLIO. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-313-33695-9. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- "Radio Stations in Honolulu, Hawaii". radio-locator.com.
- "KTRG-FM 94.1 MHz Radio Station Information". radio-locator.com.
- Old Ironside Tattoo, 1033 Smith St, Honolulu, HI 96817
- Levy, Janey (September 1, 2008). Tattoos in Modern Society. The Rosen Publishing Group. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-4042-1829-1. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- See, e.g., Margo DeMello, Bodies of Inscription: A Cultural History of the Modern Tattoo Community (2000); Arnold Rubin, "The Tattoo Renaissance", in Marks of Civilization: Artistic Transformations of the Human Body, ed. Arnold Rubin (1988); documentary film, "Hori Smoku: Sailor Jerry, The Life of Norman K. Collins" (2008).
- "Hori Smoku Sailor Jerry – Synopsis". horismokumovie.com. Archived from the original on September 28, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- "The Sailor Jerry Festival". sjfest.wix.com. 2015. Archived from the original on June 13, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- "Meet Steven Grasse: History in a Bottle".
- "The Adman's Whiskey Lab".
- Hook, Sonya (March 4, 2010). "Sailor Jerry gets revamp". Morning Advertiser. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- Michael Corcoran (October 31, 2014). "STEWED, SCREWED AND TATTOOED: The Selling of Sailor Jerry". ARTS+LABOR.