Saint Lucia lancehead

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Saint Lucia lancehead
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Bothrops
Species: B. caribbaeus
Binomial name
Bothrops caribbaeus
(Garman, 1887)

The Saint Lucia lancehead or Saint Lucia pit viper (Bothrops caribbaeus) is a species of venomous snake which is endemic to the West Indies.[1]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found only on the island of Saint Lucia in the Caribbean Lesser Antilles.[1]


It can reach a total length in excess of 1.3 m (4.3 ft).[1] It is gray to gray-brown, with an irregular temporal stripe, and gray or brown markings that are distinct mid-dorsally and fade towards its sides.[1]

Conservation status[edit]

The snake is threatened and today limited to two areas of the island.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d Malhotra, Anita; Thorpe, Roger S. (1999), Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean, Macmillan Education Ltd., pp. 95–96, ISBN 0-333-69141-5 .
  2. ^ "Saving the snakes of St Lucia", The Guardian Weekly, February 5, 2012, retrieved February 17, 2012 .

Further reading[edit]

  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian Reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Cambridge, Mass.
    Proc. American Philos. Soc. Philadelphia 24: 278-286. ("Trigonocephalus caribbæus, sp n.", p. 285.)
  • Breach, K. (2009). Quantifying the Interactions Between Humans and Endemic Pit vipers (Bothrops caribbaeus) in Saint Lucia (MSc thesis, Imperial College London).

External links[edit]