Arunthathiyar

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Arundhaiyar name is came from tamil word of arum+adhiyar = arundhadhiyar. adhiyar or adhigar well known as maadhiyar or maadhigar. Their rule of Tamilakam is mentioned in rock inscriptions of the Sangam period such as the Edicts of Asoka in the 3rd century BCE and the Gummireddipura plates with the added title Satyaputra - the "members of the fraternity of truth", synonymous with the Velir clan. A number of inscriptions in Jambai (Tirukkoyilur) add details of their sovereignty in the first century CE. This ruling tribe rose in prominence during the classical period of the history of Tamil Nadu. Their most famous ruler was Athiyamān Nedumān Añci, a powerful king who was one of the Kadai ezhu vallal (7 great patrons) of arts and literature in Tamilakam. His son Elini ruled Kudiramalai of the ancient Jaffna kingdom and Vannimai, a co-ruling contemporary of the famous king Korran. These kings belonged to a prolific Tamil horseman tribe.

Kingdom[edit]

The Satyaputra Velir-Athiyamān was a small kingdom situated on the eastern valley of Malaya Mountains of the Western Ghats (Anamala, Palani and Nilagiri).

Inscriptions[edit]

Asoka mentions the Satyaputras Velir clan in his inscriptions along with the Cholas, Pandyas and the Kerala putras. The Satyaputra Velirs wielded sufficient power in the time of Asoka (3rd century BCE) almost on par with the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas.

Ye Ca anta ata Choda, Pandiya, Satiyaputo, Ketalaputo, Tam bapanni, Antiyogo naama, Yonalaja
Everywhere in the conquered dominions of king Priyadarsin, the beloved of the gods, and the dominions on the borders as those of the Chola, the Pandya, the Satiyaputra, the Cheralaputra, Tamraparni, the Yavana King named Antiyoka and the other neighbouring kings of this Antiyoka...

In several excavated Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions of the first century CE found at Jambai, Tirukkoyilur of Viluppuram district, South Arcot in Tamil Nadu mention is made again of the dynasty:

Tamil Inscription at Jambai, Tirukovilur, Tamil Nadu

Satyaputō Athiyan Nedumān Añji itta Pali
The abode given by Athiyan Nedumān Añji, the Satyaputō

The inscription mentions the Athiyā Chief Neduman Anci, a heroic historic king celebrated in volumes of the Sangam literature classics Purananuru and Akananuru. This Athiymān king was a descendent of the Velir dynasty mentioned in Asoka's edicts. The inscription records the endowment of a cave-shelter by the chieftain Atiyan Netuman Anci who sports the title Satiyaputo. The inscription gives the name of his clan (Atiyan), of his father (Netuman) and of himself (Anci). This clear statement enables researchers with absolute certainty, to identify a chieftain mentioned in the Tamil Sangam literature with a personage figuring in a Tamil-Brahmi inscription.

The Satyaputra-Athiyamān Velirs wielded sufficient power in the 3rd century BCE to be considered on par with the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas, a power which continued for the next four centuries.

The Gummireddipura plates make mention of the Satyaputra Adigaman dynasty.

Arunthathiyar is a Scheduled Caste community found in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The term has two distinct usages: for the purposes of the state government's positive discrimination program, in 2009 it was designated an umbrella term for the Arunthatiyar, Chakkiliyan, Madari, Madiga, Pagadai, Thoti and Adi Andhra (Adi Dravida) communities;[1] while the Office of the Registrar-General, which administrates the census of India, does not recognise all of those communities as one.[2]

The 2001 Census of India reported that there were 771,659 Arunthathiyar in Tamil Nadu, being 6.5 per cent of the Scheduled Caste population of the state.[2]

Current status[edit]

At the 2001 census, 64 per cent of the Arunthathiyar population lived in rural areas of Tamil Nadu, which according to the Office of the Registrar-General makes them "comparatively an urbanised SC community". Their literacy rate of 54 per cent was less than other Scheduled Castes such as the Paraiyar, Adi Dravida and Pallan but higher than the Chakkiliyar.[2]

Notable people[edit]

  • Madurai Veeran, a folk deity[3]
  • Athiyamān, Tamil dynasty of the royal Velirs
  • Ondiveeran, Freedom fighter against British Government.
  • Pollaan , Freedom fighter against British Government.
  • Neduman,Tamil dynasty of the royal Velirs
  • anci,Tamil dynasty of the royal Velirs
  • Kuyili,Freedom fighter against British Government.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tamil Nadu Government Gazette" (PDF). Government of Tamil Nadu. 12 March 2009. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  2. ^ a b c "Tamil Nadu Date Highlights: The Scheduled Castes Census of India 2001" (PDF). Office of the Registrar-General. Retrieved 2015-04-05. 
  3. ^ Vannar, Gokul (18 July 2010). "The story of Madurai Veeran". New Indian Express. Retrieved 2015-04-05.