Samoborček

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Samoborček
A Samoborček Silver Arrow train in motion (pictured in 1970)
A Samoborček Silver Arrow train in motion (pictured in 1970)
Locale Croatia, Slovenia
Dates of operation January 14, 1901–December 31, 1979
Track gauge 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in)
Headquarters Zagreb, Croatia

Samoborček is the name given to an historic Croatian narrow gauge railway linking Zagreb with Samobor onwards to Bregana, which operated from 1901 through 1979.[1] [2]

History[edit]

Initially, Samoborček was projected as cargo train, to connect the factories and companies in Samobor with the growing industry and market in Zagreb, because at the time, the only connection was a horse omnibus.[1] The railway was a public company until the end of World War II, when it was nationalized by the new government and became Zagreb–Samobor City Railway (Croatian: Gradska željeznica Zagreb–Samobor).[2] In coming years, the railway's share of traffic to Samobor dropped in favor of trucks and buses, and the railway was closed in 1979.[1] All the infrastructure was abandoned and dismantled.

Rail track[edit]

A former Samoborček locomotive, now a monument in Samobor

The Samoborček railway consisted of a single-tracked narrow-gauge line operating on the so-called Bosnian gauge at 760 mm (2 ft 5 1516 in). Initially the line had a length of 19 kilometres (12 miles), from Zagreb to Samobor via Podsused; in the 1950s the track was extended to Bregana and military overhaul workshops today located on the territory of Slovenia.[1]

Stations were:

  • Zagreb S.K.
  • Selska cesta
  • Kustošija
  • Vrapče
  • Vrapče bolnica
  • Stenjevec
  • Stenjevec Gornji
  • Goljak
  • Susedgrad
  • Bestovje
  • Orešje
  • Strmec
  • Nedelja
  • Domaslovec
  • Samobor
  • Samobor kupalište
  • Lug
  • Bregana stajalište
  • Bregana tvornica

Rolling stock[edit]

Until the 1950s, the rolling stock was composed of various steam engine driven compositions. Average speed was 15–20 km/h (9–12 mph). From the 1950s until the end of operation, DMU aluminium compositions, officially called "DEV" and nicknamed "Srebrna strijela" ("Silver Arrow") took over, with a maximum speed of 50 km/h (31 mph).[1][2]

Remains[edit]

Although all the tracks were removed, most of other railway infrastructure (embankments, bridges) survives today, but usually not in use. Most railway stations and embankments survived, and were converted into shops, restaurants and warehouses. A steam locomotive which operated the line is on permanent display in Samobor.

Future development[edit]

A new link has been announced and is due to be built from 2008 to 2012. This link will be standard gauge and tie in with normal Croatian Railways operations, with a maximum speed of 120 km/h (75 mph).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Da je bilo više osjećaja i novca, i danas bi »Samoborček« vozio svojim uskim tračnicama" (PDF) (in Croatian). Vjesnik. 2001-01-14. Retrieved 2008-01-21. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c "Samoborček" (in Croatian). Archived from the original on August 28, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-21. 
  3. ^ "Samoborček se vraća u Zagreb" (PDF) (in Croatian). Vjesnik. 2004-11-08. Retrieved 2008-01-21. [dead link]