Samuel Adams (Loyalist)
A woodcut of Dr. Samuel Adams, the future, British Loyalist and American Revolutionary War, military leader, of Adams' Rangers, who was publicly humiliated, in 1774, by being tied to a chair and hung, from the sign of, the Catamount Tavern, in Arlington, New Hampshire Grants, in present-day Vermont, for falling out of favor with, his enemies, the Green Mountain Boys, over land dealings, in early Vermont
Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, British North America, British Empire, present-day Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut
|Died||January, 1810 (aged 80)
Edwardsburgh, Upper Canada, British North America, British Empire, present-day Edwardsburgh, Ontario, Canada
|Nationality||British American/British Canadian|
|Other names||Dr. Samuel Adams|
|Occupation||physician, surgeon, farmer, land owner, soldier|
|Children||4 sons; Gideon Adams|
Samuel Adams was born in Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut Colony, British North America, British Empire, now present-day Stratford, Fairfield County, Connecticut, in 1730. In 1764, he moved with his family to Arlington in the New Hampshire Grants. On several occasions, Adams served as representative and negotiator, for Arlington and the other surrounding towns. In 1774, Adams came into conflict with Ethan Allen's Green Mountain Boys for dissenting with their land title policy. After a brief trial, Adams' captors had him tied to a chair and hung from the sign post, of the Catamount Tavern, as a public humiliation.
In 1776, Dr. Adams was captured by Whigs, for his British Loyalist sympathies and he and his sons were imprisoned. Adams escaped and fled north, to Canada, reaching the British lines, in Quebec. Joining the King's Army, Adams served, during the Lake Champlain campaign, in 1776 and raised an independent, Loyalist company, known as Adams' Rangers, which served, under British General John Burgoyne, in the Saratoga campaign of 1777. Four of Adams' sons served in his ranger company, with his eldest son Gideon Adams, acting as Ensign.
Following the war, Adams and his sons settled in Southeastern Ontario, alongside other disbanded British Loyalist troops and their families.
- Adams, Robert Train and Douglass Graem Adams. A Family Record of Dr. Samuel Adams, United Empire Loyalist of Vermont and Upper Canada: The First Five Generations Descending from William Adams of Ipswich (1594-1661) and the Descendants of Dr. Samuel Adams of Arlington, (1730-1810). R.T. Adams, 1995.
- Fryer, Mary Beacock. Kings Men, the Soldier Founders of Ontario. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1980.
- Mathews, Hazel C. Frontier Spies; the British Secret Service, Northern Department, during the Revolutionary War. Fort Myers, FL: Ace Press, 1971.
- Palmer, Gregory. Biographical sketches of Loyalists in the American Revolution. Westport, CT: Meckler Publishing, 1984.
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