Samuel Alfred Haynes

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Samuel Haynes
Samuel Alfred Haynes

OccupationCivil rights activist
Known forBelize's national anthem, "Land of the Free

Samuel Haynes (1899 - 1971) was an African-Caribbean Belizean soldier, activist and poet.

Life and career[edit]

He was a leader of the 1919 riot by Belizean soldiers who had fought for Great Britain in World War I and refused to accept racial discrimination at home. In 1925, he composed the lyrics of a song named "Land of the Gods", which later became Belize's national anthem, "Land of the Free".[1][2]

Also, prominent in the Garvey Movement, Haynes was once the President of the Pittsburgh Division, editor/writer for the Negro World[3] and for a brief period the Official American Representative for the UNIA-ACL 1929 under the Honorable Marcus Garvey.[4]


  1. ^ Macpherson, Anne S. (2007). From Colony to Nation: Women Activists and the Gendering of Politics in Belize, 1912-1982. University of Nebraska Press. p. 84. ISBN 9780803232426. ISSN 1555-8401.
  2. ^ Thomas Streissguth (1 August 2009). Belize in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-57505-958-7. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  3. ^ Winston James (1998). Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-century America. Verso. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-85984-140-2. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hill, Robert A., ed. (1983). The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. VII. University of California Press. p. xxxvii. ISBN 9780520072084.