Samuel Alfred Haynes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Samuel Haynes
Born
Samuel Alfred Haynes

1899
Died1971
OccupationCivil rights activist
Known forBelize's national anthem, "Land of the Free

Samuel Haynes (1899 - 1971) was an African-Caribbean Belizean soldier, activist and poet.

Life and career[edit]

He was a leader of the 1919 riot by Belizean soldiers who had fought for Great Britain in World War I and refused to accept racial discrimination at home. In 1925, he composed the lyrics of a song named "Land of the Gods", which later became Belize's national anthem, "Land of the Free".[1][2]

Also, prominent in the Garvey Movement, Haynes was once the President of the Pittsburgh Division, editor/writer for the Negro World[3] and for a brief period the Official American Representative for the UNIA-ACL 1929 under the Honorable Marcus Garvey.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Macpherson, Anne S. (2007). From Colony to Nation: Women Activists and the Gendering of Politics in Belize, 1912-1982. University of Nebraska Press. p. 84. ISBN 9780803232426. ISSN 1555-8401.
  2. ^ Thomas Streissguth (1 August 2009). Belize in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 69. ISBN 978-1-57505-958-7. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  3. ^ Winston James (1998). Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-century America. Verso. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-85984-140-2. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  4. ^ Hill, Robert A., ed. (1983). The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers. VII. University of California Press. p. xxxvii. ISBN 9780520072084.

Sources[edit]