Samuel Scott (painter)
Scott was born in London, and began painting in around 1720, Nothing is known of his artistic training. He started as a maritime artist, painting men-of-war and other ships on calm seas in the style of Willem van de Velde, many of whose drawings he owned. He also painted a set of six pictures of settlements owned by the East India Company in collaboration with George Lambert. Scott painted the ships, Lambert the buildings and landscape. Writing in 1733, George Vertue included Scott among London's "most elevated men in art".
From 27–31 May 1732 he made a celebrated "Five days' Peregrination" to the Medway estuary and the Isle of Sheppey in company with William Hogarth and others. An account of their trip was written by Ebenezer Forrest and eventually published in 1782, with engravings taken from drawings by Hogarth and Scott.
In the early 1740s, Scott began making sketches of London, especially of the new Westminster Bridge, then under construction, When, following the arrival of Canaletto in London in 1746, paintings of views of the city became fashionable, he began working the sketches up into oil paintings. He painted at least eleven versions of a view of Old London Bridge, the earliest dating from 1747. Scott continued to paint copies of it after 1757, when the houses lining the bridge, shown in the painting had been demolished. The London Bridge pictures were often painted as one of a pair, with an image of the Tower of London or Westminster Bridge as a pendant.
Between 1761 and 1771 he exhibited three works at the Society of Artists, one at the Free Society of artists, and one, A View of the Tower of London, at the Royal Academy in 1771. He was one of the early draughtsmen in watercolours, and was called the father of English watercolour, but his chief works were in oil. Some of Scott's most celebrated paintings were his depictions of scenes during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
Scott earned a considerable reputation for his shore and river scenes, which were well-drawn and painted, and enlivened with figures. Horace Walpole, who had a large collection of his works, said that they "will charm in every age" and that "if he was second to Vandeveldt in sea pieces, he excelled him in variety." His views of London Bridge, the Custom-house Quay, and other pictures of the Thames earned him the name "the English Canaletto".
Scott lived at number 2 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden, overlooking the Piazza at Covent Garden, from 1747 to 1758. He moved to Twickenham in 1758, and then to Ludlow, where his daughter was living, before retiring to Bath, where he died in Walcot Street, of gout, in October 1772, leaving an only daughter. His collection of drawings, prints etc., was sold by Langford in January 1773.
References and sources
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1897). . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 51. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 66–7.
- Manners and Morals,: p 114
- Lyles, Anne; Hamlyn, Robin (1997). English Watercolours from the Oppé Collection. London: Tate Gallery. p. 54.
- Manners and Morals, p 246
- Five Days' peregrination (Daily Telegraph, 27 January 2007).
- Mitchell, Charles, ed. (1952). Hogarth's Peregrination. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- Manners and Morals,: p 188
- "Henrietta Street and Maiden Lane Area: Henrietta Street", Survey of London: Volume 36, 1970, pp. 230-239. Date accessed: 29 September 2014.
- "Samuel Scott". Twickenham Museum. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- Manners and Morals: Hogarth and British Painting1700–1760 (Exhibition catalogue). London: Tate Gallery. 1987.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samuel Scott.|
- 61 artworks by or after Samuel Scott at the Art UK site
- Action of Cartagena, 1708
- Samuel Scott online (ArtCyclopedia)
- Peter Monamy & Samuel Scott
- Scott biography + paintings (National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London)
- Scott's paintings (Tate Gallery, London)
- A view of Covent garden Piazza (Christie's)
- The building of Westminster Bridge (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York )