Sarah Stone

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New Holland Cassowary by Sarah Stone c.1789-1790

Sarah Stone (1760–1844), later known as Sarah Smith, was an English natural history illustrator and painter. Her works included many studies of specimens brought back from expeditions to England from Australia and the Pacific. Her illustrations are the first studies of many species, making them highly significant in the world of science.[1][2]


Stone worked as a draftsperson, natural history and scientific illustrator, and painter, between 1777 and 1820.[3] She was commissioned by Sir Ashton Lever in the 1770s to sketch and paint images of objects in his Leverin Museum.[4] She exhibited as an "Honorary Exhibitor" at the Royal Academy of Arts in 1781, 1785 and 1786.[3] Stone created numerous watercolour paintings of specimens sent by John White, the First Surgeon General of the Australian colony, between 1789 and 1790. These paintings were used to produce engravings for White's A Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales (1790).[5]

Stone's work is held by the British Museum, the National Library of Australia, and the State Library of New South Wales.[3]

Personal life[edit]

On 8 September 1789 Stone married John Langdale Smith.[6]


  1. ^ "Sarah Stone". Design & Art Australia Online. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Quaternary fissure breccia". Natural History Museum. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Perry, Barbara. "Sarah Stone b. c.1760". Design and Art Australia Online. Design and Art Australia. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  4. ^ Lemmer, Leone. "The Sarah Stone Collection". Australian Museum. Australian Museum. Retrieved 11 November 2015. 
  5. ^ Dickson, Nicola Jan (2010). Wonderlust: the influence of natural history illustration and ornamentation on perceptions of the exotic in Australia (PDF) (Doctor of Philosophy). Australian National University. Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Collection Record for Stone, Sarah, ca. 1760-1844". State Library of New South Wales. Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Jackson, Christine E. (1998). Sarah Stone: Natural Curiosities from the New Worlds. London: Merrell Holberton : The Natural History Museum. ISBN 9781858940632. 

External links[edit]