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Sarcopenic obesity is a medical condition which is defined as the presence of both sarcopenia (loss of muscle) and obesity. Sarcopenia refers to the presence of low muscle mass and either low muscular strength or low physical performance. When this is accompanied by a high fat mass the condition is known as sarcopenic obesity.
The disease is caused due to a variety of reasons:
- It can be due to aging, wherein muscles become weak due to a lack of exercise, and the individual gains weight due to the same reason.
- In other cases, the cause is genetic, wherein the individual is born with a reduced ability to grow muscle mass.
Sarcopenic obesity is a combination of high body fat and low BMI. Can be diagnosed by measures such as waist-hip ratio.
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