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Sarcopenic obesity is a medical condition which is defined as the presence of both sarcopenia and obesity. Sarcopenia refers to the presence of low muscle mass and either low muscular strength or low physical performance. When this is accompanied by a high fat mass the condition is known as sarcopenic obesity.
The disease is caused due to a variety of reasons:
- It can be due to aging, wherein muscles become weak due to a lack of exercise, and the individual gains weight due to the same reason.
- In other cases, the cause is genetic, wherein the individual is born with a reduced ability to grow muscle mass.
Problem of Diagnosis
The problem of diagnosing a person with the condition is hard as there is no reference value for the appropriate lean mass. This is because healthy people tend to show variations in their composition due to their body types.
- Cruz-Jentoft, Alfonso J.; Baeyens, Jean Pierre; Bauer, Jürgen M.; Boirie, Yves; Cederholm, Tommy; Landi, Francesco; Martin, Finbarr C.; Michel, Jean-Pierre; Rolland, Yves (2010-07-01). "Sarcopenia: European consensus on definition and diagnosis: Report of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People". Age and Ageing. 39 (4): 412–423. doi:10.1093/ageing/afq034. ISSN 1468-2834. PMC . PMID 20392703.
- Sharma, Arya M. (2008-06-30). "Sarcopenic Obesity and Cancer". Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes.[unreliable medical source?]
- "Importance of sarcopenic obesity for mobility limitations, morbidity and mortality in seniors". Gerontology Research Centre, University of Jyväskylä. Archived from the original on 2011-08-07.
- Zamboni, Mauro; Mazzali, Gloria; Fantin, Francesco; Rossi, Andrea; Di Francesco, Vincenzo (2008). "Sarcopenic obesity: A new category of obesity in the elderly". Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases. 18 (5): 388–95. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2007.10.002. PMID 18395429.
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