Sasang constitutional medicine
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The Sasang constitutional medicine (Hangul: 사상의학. Hanja: 四象醫學) or Sasang typology is a typological constitution medicine of Traditional Korean medicine. It was systematized by Yi Je-ma in his book Longevity and Life Preservation in Eastern Medicine (東醫壽世保元, 동의수세보원) in 1894. It divides people into four body types based on their biopsychosocial traits. The classification was derived from the five body types of Traditional Chinese medicine described in an ancient Chinese medical book Lingshu Jing of Huangdi Neijing.
Sasang typology divides people into four types based on their biopsychosocial traits with a combination of yin/yang and greater/lesser: tae-yang ( 태양, 太陽) or "greater yang"; so-yang (소양, 小陽) or "lesser yang"; tae-eum (태음, 太陰) or "greater yin"; and so-eum (소음, 小陰) or "lesser yin".
Each type consists of a classification of pathology, medicine and hygiene depending on personality, psychological status and organ functionality. It is considered that one cannot escape the category of biological body type, and the strengths and weaknesses of organs, both major and minor, depend on the type.
Tae-yang have large lungs and a small liver. They have superiority in function, and often have feelings of inferiority.
Tae-eum have a large liver and small lungs. They are tall and the majority gain a lot of weight. They are patient and have a reserved personality. Therefore, if they are given a task, they will not give up, no matter what task it is. Because of this personality, they are prone to gambling.
The so-yang type has a large spleen, and small kidneys. They have whitish skin. Like so-eum, many of this type are skinny.
The so-eum type have large kidneys and a small spleen. They are short, and many are skinny. Due to weak intestines, they very often have digestive problems. Many enjoy a meat diet.
- Lee, Jae-Ma (1894). Dong-Yi-Soo-Se-Bo-Won (Longevity and life preservation in oriental medicine). Seoul.
- Yoo, Junghee; et al. (2012). "Sasang Constitutional Medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine: A Comparative Overview". Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/980807.
Lee Jema stated among the five body types, Greater Yang type, Lesser Yang type, Greater Yin type, Lesser Yin type, and Yin-Yang balanced type, described in the Inner Classics, that the Yin-Yang balanced type, a perfect human type, did not exist.Table 1: TCM and SCM philosophical foundations.
- Soo Jin Lee, Soo Hyun Park, and Han Chae (December 2012). "Temperament profiles of Sasang typology in a child clinical sample". Integrative Medicine Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 21–25. Elsevier
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- Kyungwoo Sohn, Ansuk Jeong, Miyoung Yoon, Sunkyung Lee, Sangmoon Hwang, and Han Chae(December 2012). "Genetic Characteristics of Sasang Typology: A Systematic Review". Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies. Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 271–289. Medical Association of Pharmacopuncture Institute
- Soo Jin Lee, Soo Hyun Park, C Robert Cloninger, Yun Hee Kim, Minwoo Hwang and Han Chae (2014). "Biopsychological traits of Sasang typology based on Sasang personality questionnaire and body mass index". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 1. International Society for Complementary Medicine Research