Saw Maung (painter)
Mandalay, British Burma
|Education||Apprentice to Saya Aye|
|Awards||Alinga Kyaw Zaw|
Saw Maung (Burmese: စောမောင် [sɔ́ màʊɴ]; 1900–1969) was a Burmese artist. He was the son of the artist Saya Aye (painter) (1872–1930), who in turn was an apprentice of Saya Chone (1866–1917), a young Royal Artist under King Thibaw. Thus, Saw Maung could directly trace his history of training back to the pre-colonial times of Upper Burma when the country was still a monarchy and when Traditional paintings of Buddhist religious scenes was the dominant genre of production.
Life and Work
Saw Maung was widely known for his paintings about the life stories of the Buddha and also for a smaller oeuvre of Western-style portraits and landscapes. He was born in Mandalay in 1900, and began his career as an artist at the age of 14, under his father, Saya Aye, whose business he inherited. In the early colonial period, he achieved recognition through his paintings illustrating magazines such as the Myanmar Alin, Dagon and Kawi Myethman. After the Second World War, he visited London, where he studied European styles of painting and also took trips to the USA, China, and Hong Kong. His paintings exhibited fine workmanship. His illustrations of the sixteen point dreams of King Pasenadi of Kosala still hang on the side walls of Kyauktawgyi Buddha Temple.
It is difficult to judge Saw Maung's legacy for he spent most of his life painting Buddhist works for pagodas and temples in Upper Burma during a period of time when the vanguard in painting in Burma had switched to secular fine-art works heavily influenced by Western techniques and subjects. Saw Maung had as many as 20 painters working in his crew, depicting Buddhist works throughout Burma. The painters under his instruction or pay did fine art secular work in their free time as Saw Maung did. Among his crew were his close contemporaries, Chit Myae (c. 1903-76) and Chit Maung (1908–73), who became well-known secular-style watercolorists. Other painters in his crew, such as Ba Moe (1912–96) (his son-in-law), Kham Lun (1915–85), Kan Chun (Painter) (1928–95) (not to be confused with Kan Chun, the cartoonist), and Ohn Maung (1918–96) also sometimes produced stunning secular paintings, usually in oil. Because many of these painters were busy making a living under Saw Maung, their secular oeuvres are generally not large, and they and Saw Maung cannot be said to have belonged to a "movement" of art in Burma per se.
- Awarded the Alinga Kyaw Zaw, the highest title that can be bestowed on an artist. The title has only been awarded to two painters, Saw Maung and Ngwe Gaing.
- Andrew Ranard (2009). Burmese Painting: A Linear and Lateral History. Silkworm Books. pp. 168–179. ISBN 978-974-9511-76-3.
- Nyan Shein (1998). "Alinga Kyaw Zwa U Saw Maung (1900-1969)". On Burmese Painters, Sculptors, and Architects (in Burmese). Sarpay Beikman. pp. 139–144.
- "Background History of Paintings". Myanmar.com. July 27, 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- "U Saw Maung; artist". Who's who in Burma 1961. People's Literature Committee and House. 1961. p. 96.
- "Traditional Ancient Myanmar Painting" (PDF). Myanmar Chronicle : Volume I, No.8. October 2004. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- "MTBR: AFTER HALF A CENTURY MYANMAR ART MAKES A COMEBACK IN BRITISH CIRCLES". THE MYANMAR TIMES & BUSINESS REVIEW. April 10–23, 2000. Retrieved 2010-11-15.
- Ko Ko Naing, (Yamanya) (1997). The History of Burmese Painting (in Burmese). Sarpay Beikman.
- Hla Tin Htun (2007). Old Myanmar paintings in the collection of U Win. Thavibu Gallery. p. 41. ISBN 974-9931-82-3.