Katherine Group

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The so-called Katherine Group is a group of five 13th century Middle English texts composed by an anonymous author of the English West Midlands, in a variety of Middle English known as AB language. The texts are all addressed to anchoresses (religious recluses) and praise the virtue of virginity:

All five texts are preserved in the manuscript Oxford, Bodeian Library, Bodley 34. All except Hali Meiðhad are also in British Library, Royal 17 A XXVII. Additionally, British Library Cotton Titus D XVIII has Sawles Warde, Seinte Katherine and Hali Meiðhad.

The Katherine Group is similar in language and content to the Ancrene Wisse and the Wooing Group.[1]

J. R. R. Tolkien repeatedly published on the Katherine Group, in Holy Maidenhood (1923), Some Contributions to Middle-English Lexicography and The Devil's Coach-Horses (1925), Ancrene Wisse and Hali Meiðhad (1929) and "Iþþlen" in Sawles Warde (1947).


Hali Meiðhad[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Michelle M. Sauer, 'Wooing Group', in Encyclopedia of Medieval Literature (2013), http://medieval_literature.enacademic.com.

External links[edit]