Scarlet GN

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Scarlet GN
Kekulé, canonical skeletal formula of scarlet GN ((6E)-6-hydrazinylidene)
Systematic IUPAC name
Disodium 3-[(2,4-Dimethyl-5-sulfonatophenyl)hydrazinylidene]-4-oxonaphthalene-1-sulfonate
Other names
Crimson 4R; C.I. Food Red 1; Food red 1; FD & C Red no. 4; Hexacol Ponceau SX; Maple Ponceau SX; Ponceau SX; Purple 4R; E125
  • 4548-53-2 (Z) ☒N
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.019.870 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 221-856-3
E number E125 (colours)
  • InChI=1S/C18H16N2O7S2.2Na/c1-10-8-11(2)17(16(9-10)29(25,26)27)20-19-14-7-6-12-13(18(14)21)4-3-5-15(12)28(22,23)24;;/h3-9,20H,1-2H3,(H,22,23,24)(H,25,26,27);;/q;2*+1/p-2/b19-14-;; ☒N
  • [Na+].Cc3cc(S(=O)(=O)[O-])c(N=Nc2c(O)c1c(cc2)c(S(=O)(=O)[O-])ccc1)c(C)c3.[Na+]
  • CC1=CC(=C(NN=C2C=CC3=C(C=CC=C3C2=O)S(=O)(=O)O[Na])C(C)=C1)S(=O)(=O)O[Na]
Molar mass 480.42 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

Scarlet GN, or C.I. Food Red 1, Ponceau SX, FD&C Red No. 4, or C.I. 14700 is a red azo dye once used as a food dye. As a food additive, it has the E number E125. It usually used as a disodium salt.

In the United States, it is not permitted for use in food or ingested drugs and may only be used in externally applied drugs and cosmetics.[1][2][3] An exception was added in 1965 to allow its use in the coloring of maraschino cherries, which were considered mainly decorative and not a foodstuff.[4] This exception was repealed in 1976 due to mounting safety concerns. In the European Union, it is not permitted as a food additive.[5]


  1. ^ 21 CFR 81.10
  2. ^ 21 CFR 81.30
  3. ^ 21 CFR 82.304
  4. ^ Pavia, Donald L. (2005). Introduction to Organic Laboratory Techniques: A Small Scale Approach (2nd ed.). pp. 387–389. ISBN 0534408338. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
  5. ^ Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers, Food Standards Agency