Father Josef Kentenich was the spiritual director at a junior seminary of the Pallottine fathers preparing missionaries for Africa. In April 1914 a Marian sodality was formed at the seminary, and the superior offered the sodality the Chapel of St. Michael, near the school. Father Kentenich was inspired by the work of Bartolo Longo in creating the Shrine to Our Lady of the Rosary off Pompei, and wished to create a shrine to Mary at Schoenstatt.
A central point in the movement's dynamics and faith is the devotion to the Shrine, based on the first shrine in Schoenstatt where the movement started with a special devotion to Mary and of which there are dozens of replicas around the world.
- Uriburu, Esteban. "A Shrine with a Movement - a Place of Pilgrimage" Schoenstatt Apostolic Movement Archived 2014-10-10 at the Wayback Machine
- Astell, Ann W., and Danielle M. Peters. "Schoenstatt’s Shrine for the Pilgrim People of God." Claritas: Journal of Dialogue and Culture 3.2 (2014): 8.
- Almanzar, Christen. "Devotion to Mary as Liberation: A Case Study of the Marian Spirituality of Schoenstatt." Marian Studies 64.1 (2013): 220-247.
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