Schu-mine 42

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Schü-mine 42
German - Schu-Mine with Z.Z. 42 igniter.jpg
A Schü-mine 42 with a ZZ 42 detonator; the components of the mine are shown to the left
TypeAnti-personnel blast mine
Place of originNazi Germany
Service history
Used byGermany
WarsWorld War II
Specifications
Mass1.1 pounds (0.50 kg)
Length4.72 inches (120 mm)
Width3.55 inches (90 mm)
Height1.77 inches (45 mm)

FillingTNT
Filling weight200 grams (7.1 oz)
Detonation
mechanism
ZZ-42 type detonator, pressure

The Schü-mine 42 (Schützenmine 42, "rifleman's mine model of 1942"), was a German anti-personnel mine used during the Second World War. It consisted of a simple wooden box with a hinged lid containing a 200-gram (7.1 oz) block of cast TNT and a ZZ-42 type detonator.[1] A slot in the lid pressed down on the striker retaining pin, sufficient pressure on the lid caused the pin to move, releasing the striker which triggered the detonator.[2]

The mine was cheap to produce and deployed in large numbers. As an early example of a minimum metal mine, it was difficult to detect with early metal detectors - the only metal present was a small amount in the mine's detonator.[3]

Experience has shown that the mine detector search coil must pass very close to the mine before any reaction is obtained. Detection is still more difficult when the search is made in ground containing shrapnel. Also it is hard to locate the Schü mine by observation or probing because it is relatively small.[2]

During the Normandy Campaign the British resorted to using explosive detection dogs to find them.[4]

See also[edit]

Similar mines

References[edit]

  1. ^ German Explosive Ordnance. Washington DC: US Government Printing Office. 1953. p. 278.
  2. ^ a b Intelligence Bulletin. Military Intelligence Service, War Department. 1944. pp. 76–79. Retrieved 31 January 2020.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  3. ^ Torrey, Volta (February 1945). "The Bazooka's Grandfather". Popular Science. Vol. 146 no. 2. Bonnier Corporation. p. 71. ISSN 0161-7370. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  4. ^ "THE BRITISH ARMY IN NORMANDY 1944". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 22 September 2014.