From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see Sclerosis (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Scoliosis.
|Classification and external resources|
In medicine, sclerosis (also spelled sclerosus in the names of a few disorders; from Greek σκληρός "hard") is the stiffening of a structure, usually caused by a replacement of the normal organ-specific tissue with connective tissue.
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, sometimes known as Lou Gehrig's disease, a progressive, incurable, usually fatal disease of motor neurons.
- Atherosclerosis, a deposit of fatty materials, such as cholesterol, in the arteries which causes hardening.
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is a disease that attacks the kidney's filtering system (glomeruli) causing serious scarring and thus a cause of nephrotic syndrome in children and adolescents, as well as an important cause of kidney failure in adults.
- Hippocampal sclerosis, a brain damage often seen in individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy.
- Lichen sclerosus, a disease that hardens the connective tissues of the vagina and the penis. An autoimmune disorder.
- Liver sclerosis is a common misspelling of cirrhosis of the liver.
- Multiple sclerosis, or focal sclerosis, is a central nervous system disease which affects coordination.
- Osteosclerosis, a condition where the bone density is significantly increased.
- Otosclerosis, a disease of the ears.
- Systemic sclerosis (progressive systemic scleroderma), a rare, chronic disease which affects the skin, and in some cases also blood vessels and internal organs.
- Tuberous sclerosis, a rare genetic disease which affects multiple systems.
- Primary sclerosing cholangitis, a hardening of the bile duct by scarring and repeated inflammation.
- Primary lateral sclerosis, progressive muscle weakness in the voluntary muscles.
- "Welcome To The NephCure Foundation". Archived from the original on 2009-06-02.
- "Focal sclerosis definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms easily defined on MedTerms". Medterms.com. 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2013-01-12.