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Scofflaw is a noun coined during the Prohibition era to mean a person who drinks illegally. It is a portmanteau of the words scoff and law. Its original meaning was someone who mocks or ridicules anti-drinking laws, but has extended to mean one who flouts any law, especially those difficult to enforce, and particularly traffic laws.
"Scofflaw" was the winning entry of a nationwide competition to create a new word for "the lawless drinker," with a prize of $200 in gold, sponsored by Delcevare King, a banker and enthusiastic supporter of Prohibition, in 1923. Two separate entrants, Henry Irving Dale and Kate L. Butler, submitted the word, and split the $200 prize equally. Scofflaw was deemed the best and most suitable out of over 25,000 entries. The word was from the outset frequently used until the eventual repeal of Prohibition in 1933. It experienced a revival in the 1950s, as a term for anyone who displays disdain for laws difficult to enforce. The word itself remains a symbol of the Prohibition era.
A New York Times investigation into the ship Dona Liberta is titled Stowaways and Crimes Aboard a Scofflaw Ship.
The actor Telly Savalas was convicted of littering in the 1970s and was given the epithet "scofflaw" in many news reports.
- "DELCEVARE KING, BANKER, 89 DEAD; Prohibitionist's Contest Led to Coining of 'Scofflaw'". March 22, 1964 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Ken Burns: Prohibition". PBS. Retrieved July 28, 2013.
- "Stowaways and Crimes Aboard a Scofflaw Ship". The New York Times. 19 July 2015.