National Observer (UK)
The National Observer was a British newspaper published from 1888 to 1897.
The publication began as the Scots Observer, until its location was moved from Edinburgh to London in 1889, after which it was renamed the National Observer. The paper was considered conservative in its political outlook. One of its main editors was William Ernest Henley.  He was recruited in 1889 by Robert Fitzroy Bell, the major backer of the Observer, and brought in young writers including Rudyard Kipling. The political line was that of Charles Whibley, assistant editor, a diehard Tory. Bell became discouraged by 1894, and sold out. Henley was succeeded by James Edmund Vincent.
- . Encyclopædia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/405144/National-Observer. Retrieved 2009-03-08. Missing or empty
- Wintersgill, Donald. "Bell, Robert Fitzroy". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/100753. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1912). "Vincent, James Edmund". Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement 3. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
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