Scriven

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Scriven
Scriven - geograph.org.uk - 234214.jpg
The village green in Scriven
Scriven is located in North Yorkshire
Scriven
Scriven
Scriven shown within North Yorkshire
Population 233 (2011)
OS grid reference SE349585
Civil parish
  • Scriven
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town KNARESBOROUGH
Postcode district HG5
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°01′17″N 1°28′08″W / 54.02134°N 1.46881°W / 54.02134; -1.46881Coordinates: 54°01′17″N 1°28′08″W / 54.02134°N 1.46881°W / 54.02134; -1.46881

Scriven is a village and civil parish in the Harrogate district of North Yorkshire, England. The nearest city is York. From 1947 to 1998 Scriven was part of the Claro Registration District, until this was abolished.[1] It is situated north-west of the A6055 road from Bond End and situated north-east of the B6165 Ripley Road.

Scriven-with-Tentergate was a parish however in modern days it is now known as Scriven due to a boundary change. The name Scriven originally meant "Hollow-place" with pits and could have referred to the quarrying that occurred nearby.[2] Tentergate however contains the derivative "gate", which is the Scandinavian translation for street, and was the place where cloth was stretched for drying.[3]

Early history[edit]

Scriven was included in 1066 and 1086 in the Domesday Book. In 1066 the Lord was King Edward and the value to the Lord was £6. In 1086 however, the Lord was King William and the value decreased to just £1. There were 26 ploughlands, which was land available for growing crops and the taxable value was 44.9 geld units.[4] Scriven was one of eleven berewicks in 1086 of the Knaresborough manor and remains close to the town. Due to the close proximity and deep history between the two, there are no churches in Scriven, village residents travelled (and still do) to churches in the town to worship.[5]

In the 1870s, Scriven was described as:

SCRIVEN-WITH-TENTERGATE, a township in Knaresborough parish, W. R. Yorkshire; on the river Nidd, 1 mile N by W of Knaresborough. Acres, 1, 767. Real property, £5, 901; of which £40 are in gas-works. Pop., 1, 426. Houses, 353. The manor belonged anciently to the Scrivens; passed, in the time of Henry III., to the Slingsbys; and, with S. Hall, belongs now to SirSlingsby, Bart. Conyngarth Saxon camp and Gates-hill Danish camp are near the Hall.[6]

Occupation structure[edit]

The pie chart below shows the occupational structure of Scriven in 1881. Historically Scriven's history was primarily agriculture which can be seen from the pie chart. Although majority of the occupations remain unknown, the data does show that of the known occupations vast were involved in the agricultural industry. However, if we compare this data with information from the 2011 Census data it can be seen that no-one in Scriven is involved in the agricultural industry. As society changed throughout time there became a shift in industry with most economically active residents in Scriven working in the wholesale and retail trade.[7]

Pie Chart showing the occupational structure of Scriven in 1881

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census it had a population of 233.[8] Due to the change in parish boundary, from Scriven with Tentergate to Scriven on 31 December 1894, the population also reflects this and there seems to be a sudden decrease. It is difficult to account for these population changes as the figures do fluctuate. The 2011 figures are very similar to the 1901 figures despite being 110 years difference. However, there are limitations to the population graph due to lack of historical data.

Population of Scriven 1881–2011

The graph supports the fact that there was the boundary change in 1894 resulting in Tentergate becoming a new civil parish.[9] When the 1901 census was taken it showed how the population had decreased drastically from 615 in 1891 to 273, because of the change in boundaries.

Modern Scriven[edit]

In 2006, after Winifred Jacob Smith, a North Yorkshire resident, died she left what is known now as Jacob Smith Park, 30 acres of land which was turned into a public park.[10] In 2012 Scriven made the news again, after a 200-year-old oak tree in Jacob Smith Park had fallen revealing a nest of 6,000 honeybees.[11]

Jacob Smith Park

Education[edit]

There are no schools in the area. The nearest primary school is St Mary's Catholic School in Knaresborough which is 0.7 miles away. The nearest secondary school is The Forest School which is a Special school and is 1.1 miles away.[12]

Places of interest[edit]

There are 13 listed buildings in Scriven. 12 are grade II and the last is grade II*.[13]

Home Farmhouse, The Green: A grade II* listed building due to its special architectural and historical interest which was first listed in 1966. Originally a house in late medieval times which was then restored, after alterations, in 1965–70.[14]

Scriven Hall: A grade II listed building, formerly known as 'The Coach House' which in 1966 was converted into a normal house. The Hall was created to house Sir Thomas Slingsby, 2nd Baronet and his family,. In 1954 there was a fire causing the Hall to be demolished. The estate was later sold on in 1965 and was converted.[15]

Geography and climate[edit]

Geology[edit]

The area is mostly built on superficial deposits such as Diamiction. The bedrock contains mostly Sandstone however there are compositions of Limestone.[16]

Climate[edit]

The table below shows the climate data for Scriven, collected from Knaresborough.

Climate data for Knaresborough closest available data source to Scriven
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
16
(61)
18
(64)
24
(75)
27
(81)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
27
(81)
24
(75)
18
(64)
15
(59)
31
(88)
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
8
(46)
10
(50)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
13.7
(56.6)
Record low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−8
(18)
−7
(19)
−4
(25)
−2
(28)
2
(36)
4
(39)
4
(39)
1
(34)
−4
(25)
−9
(16)
−8
(18)
−9
(16)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58
(2.28)
41
(1.61)
37
(1.46)
56
(2.2)
49
(1.93)
55
(2.17)
54
(2.13)
66
(2.6)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
58
(2.28)
53
(2.09)
654
(25.75)
Average precipitation days 16 14 15 13 13 14 14 12 15 16 16 11 169
Average snowy days 3 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 12
Average relative humidity (%) 85 81 78 76 74 75 75 76 79 83 86 87 79.6
Mean daily sunshine hours 3 4 5 7 8 9 7 6 5 5 3 3 5.4
Source: [17]

The Scriven Project[edit]

Funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and supported by the Arts and Museum Department of Harrogate Borough Council the project began in 2008 researching and documenting the local history, archaeology and landscape of the Scriven area and all the findings shout be documented by the end of 2013.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Scriven Registration Information". GENUKI. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Key to English Place-names: Scriven". "The University of Nottingham". Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  3. ^ "A History of Knaresborough: Origins". Retrieved 3 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Scriven Domesday Entry". Scriven Domesday Entry. University of Hull. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  5. ^ The North Yorkshire Village Book (Villages of Britain). Countryside Books. 1991. 
  6. ^ Wilson, John (1870–1872). "Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales". Edinburgh: Bartholomew. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "Scriven (Parish): Industry 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Scriven (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  9. ^ "Tentergate Civil Parish". Relationships and changes: Tentergate. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Woman leaves a park in her will". BBC News. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "Felled Jacob Smith Park oak reveals colony of bees". BBC News. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  12. ^ "Local Schools near Scriven". RM Education. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 
  13. ^ ""Scriven" Listed Buildings". English Heritage. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  14. ^ ""Home Farmhouse" British Listed Buildings". English Heritage. Retrieved 2 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Scriven Hall: Listed Building". Scriven Hall: Listed Building. English Heritage. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  16. ^ "Scriven: Geology". Geology of Britain viewer. British Geological Survey. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  17. ^ "Scriven Climate History". Weather2. Retrieved 28 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "The Scriven Project". wikidot.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Scriven at Wikimedia Commons