Seat belt use rates in the United States

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U.S. MUTCD seat belt symbol

Seat belt use rates in the United States has been rising steadily since 1983, from 14% to 90% in 2016. Seat belt use in the country in 2016 ranged from a minimum of 70.2% in New Hampshire to a maximum of 96.9% in Georgia. 19 states had use rates above 90%.[1]

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's 2008 survey, seat belt use remained lower among 16- to 24-year-olds than other age groups, with a rate of 77%; and also was lower among African Americans than other races, with a use rate of 75%. The survey also found that seat belt use continued to be higher among females (86%) than males (79%).[2]

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's 2013 survey, seat belt use in jurisdictions with stronger seatbelt enforcement laws continue to exhibit generally higher use rates than those with weaker laws.[3]

The following list shows the national percentage of vehicle occupants using seat belts between 1983 and 2017:

Historical seat belt use in the United States
1983-2013
Year % Year % Year %
2017 89.7[4] 2005 82[5] 1993 66[citation needed]
2016 90.1[4] 2004 80[5] 1992 62[citation needed]
2015 88.5[4] 2003 79[5] 1991 59[citation needed]
2014 86.7[1] 2002 75[5] 1990 49[citation needed]
2013 87[3] 2001 73[5] 1989 46[citation needed]
2012 86[6] 2000 71[5] 1988 45[citation needed]
2011 84[7] 1999 67[5] 1987 42[citation needed]
2010 85[8] 1998 65[5] 1986 37[citation needed]
2009 84[9] 1997 69[citation needed] 1985 21[citation needed]
2008 83[2] 1996 61[5] 1984 14[citation needed]
2007 82[2] 1995 68[citation needed] 1983 14[citation needed]
2006 81[5] 1994 58[5]

The only years in which the rate did not increase over the previous year were 1994 when usage fell by eight percent, 1996 when usage fell by seven percent, 2006 when usage fell by one percent, and 2017 when usage fell by four tenths of one percent.[5][4]

Seat belt usage by state/territory[edit]

Seat belt Usage by State 2003-2012 (%) [8] [7]
STATE 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Alabama 77.40 80.00 81.80 82.90 82.30 86.10 90.00 91.40 88.00 88.9 97.3
Alaska 78.90 76.70 78.40 83.20 82.40 84.90 86.10 86.80 89.30 88.1 86.1
Arizona 86.20 95.30 94.20 78.90 80.90 79.90 80.80 81.80 82.90 82.2 84.7
Arkansas 62.80 64.20 68.30 69.30 69.90 70.40 74.40 78.30 78.40 71.9 76.7
California 91.20 90.40 92.50 93.40 94.60 95.70 95.30 96.20 96.60 95.5 97.4
Colorado 77.70 79.30 79.20 80.30 81.10 81.70 81.10 82.90 82.10 80.7 82.1
Connecticut 78.00 82.90 81.60 83.50 85.80 88.00 85.90 88.20 88.40 86.8 86.6
Delaware 74.90 82.30 83.80 86.10 86.60 91.30 88.40 90.70 90.30 87.9 92.2
District of Columbia 84.90 87.10 88.80 85.40 87.10 90.00 93.00 92.30 95.20 92.4 87.5
Florida 72.60 76.30 73.90 80.70 79.10 81.70 85.20 87.40 88.10 87.4 87.2
Georgia 84.50 86.70 89.90 90.00 89.00 89.60 88.90 89.60 93.00 93.4 95.5
Hawaii 91.80 95.10 95.30 92.50 97.60 97.00 97.90 97.60 96.00 93.4 94.0
Idaho 71.70 74.00 76.00 79.80 78.50 76.90 79.20 77.90 79.10 79.0 81.6
Illinois 80.10 83.00 86.00 87.80 90.10 90.50 91.70 92.60 92.90 93.6 93.7
Indiana 82.30 83.40 81.20 84.30 87.90 91.20 92.60 92.40 93.20 93.6 91.6
Iowa 86.80 86.40 87.10 89.60 91.30 92.90 93.10 93.10 93.50 93.6 91.9
Kansas 63.60 68.30 69.00 73.50 75.00 77.40 77.00 81.80 82.90 79.5 80.7
Kentucky 65.50 66.00 66.70 67.20 71.80 73.30 79.70 80.30 82.20 83.7 85.0
Louisiana 73.80 75.00 77.70 74.80 75.20 75.50 74.50 75.90 77.70 79.3 82.5
Maine N/A 72.30 75.80 77.20 79.80 83.00 82.60 82.00 81.60 84.4 83.0
Maryland 87.90 89.00 91.10 91.10 93.10 93.30 94.00 94.70 94.20 91.1 90.7
Massachusetts 61.70 63.30 64.80 66.90 68.70 66.80 73.60 73.70 73.20 72.7 74.8
Michigan 84.80 90.50 92.90 94.30 93.70 97.20 98.00 95.20 94.50 93.6 93.0
Minnesota 79.40 82.10 83.90 83.30 87.80 86.70 90.20 92.30 92.70 93.6 94.8
Mississippi 62.20 63.20 60.80 73.60 71.80 71.30 76.00 81.00 81.90 83.2 74.4
Missouri 72.90 75.90 77.40 75.20 77.20 75.80 77.20 76.00 79.00 79.4 80.1
Montana 79.50 80.90 80.00 79.00 79.60 79.30 79.20 78.90 76.90 76.3 74.0
Nebraska 76.10 79.20 79.20 76.00 78.70 82.60 84.80 84.10 84.20 78.6 79.1
Nevada 78.70 86.60 94.80 91.20 92.20 90.90 91.00 93.20 94.10 90.5 94.8
New Hampshire 49.60 N/A N/A 63.50 63.80 69.20 68.90 72.20 75.00 68.6 73.0
New Jersey 81.20 82.00 86.00 90.00 91.40 91.80 92.70 93.70 94.50 88.3 91.0
New Mexico 87.20 89.70 89.50 89.60 91.50 91.10 90.10 89.80 90.50 91.4 92.0
New York 84.60 85.00 85.00 83.00 83.50 89.10 88.00 89.80 90.50 90.4 91.1
North Carolina 86.10 86.10 86.70 88.50 88.80 89.80 89.50 89.70 89.50 87.5 88.6
North Dakota 63.70 67.40 76.30 79.00 82.20 81.60 81.50 74.80 76.70 80.9 77.7
Ohio 74.70 74.10 78.70 81.70 81.60 82.70 83.60 83.80 84.10 82.0 84.5
Oklahoma 76.70 80.30 83.10 83.70 83.10 84.30 84.20 85.90 85.90 83.8 83.6
Oregon 90.40 92.60 93.30 94.10 95.30 96.30 96.60 97.00 96.60 96.8 98.2
Pennsylvania 79.00 81.80 83.30 86.30 86.70 85.10 87.90 86.00 83.80 83.5 84.0
Rhode Island 74.20 76.20 74.70 74.00 79.10 72.00 74.70 78.00 80.40 77.5 85.6
South Carolina 72.80 65.70 69.70 72.50 74.50 79.00 81.50
South Dakota 69.90 69.40 68.80 71.30 73.00 71.80 72.10 74.50 73.40 66.5 69.7
Tennessee 68.50 72.00 74.40 78.60 80.20 81.50 80.60 87.10 87.40 83.7 84.8
Texas 84.30 83.20 89.90 90.40 91.80 91.20 92.90 93.80 93.70 94.0 90.3
Utah 85.20 85.70 86.90 88.60 86.80 86.00 86.10 89.00 89.20 81.9 82.4
Vermont 82.40 79.90 84.70 82.40 87.10 87.30 85.30 85.20 84.70 84.2 84.9
Virginia 74.60 79.90 80.40 78.70 79.90 80.60 82.30 80.50 81.80 78.4 79.7
Washington 94.80 94.20 95.20 96.30 96.40 96.50 96.40 97.60 97.50 96.9 94.5
West Virginia 73.60 75.80 84.90 88.50 89.60 89.50 87.00 82.10 84.90 84.0 82.2
Wisconsin 69.80 72.40 73.30 75.40 75.30 74.20 73.80 79.20 79.00 79.9 82.4
Wyoming N/A 70.10 N/A 63.50 72.20 68.60 67.60 78.90 82.60 77.0 81.9

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Seat Belt Use in 2016–Use Rates in the States and Territories (DOT HS 812 417)". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. May 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  2. ^ a b c "Seat Belt Use in 2008—Demographic Results" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. August 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-23. DOT HS 811 183: Traffic Safety Facts - A Research Note
  3. ^ a b "Seat Belt Use in 2013—Use Rates in the States and Territories" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. May 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-31. DOT HS 812 030: A Brief Statistical Summary
  4. ^ a b c d "Seat Belt Use in 2017—Overall Results (DOT HS 812 465)". National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. December 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Seat Belt Use in 2011—Overall Results" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. December 2011. Retrieved February 19, 2013.DOT HS 811 544: Traffic Safety Facts - A Research Note
  6. ^ "Seat Belt Use in 2012—Use Rates in the States and Territories" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. June 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-31. DOT HS 811 809: A Brief Statistical Summary
  7. ^ a b "Seat Belt Use in 2011—Use Rates in the States and Territories" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. August 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-06. DOT HS 811 651: A Brief Statistical Summary
  8. ^ a b "Seat Belt Use in 2010—Use Rates in the States and Territories" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-23. DOT HS 811 493: A Brief Statistical Summary
  9. ^ "Seat Belt Use in 2009—Use Rates in the States and Territories" (PDF). National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. May 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-23. DOT HS 811 324: A Brief Statistical Summary

External links[edit]