Senior (education)

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Senior class artwork, from East Texas State Normal College's 1920 Locust yearbook

The term senior, in regard to education, has different meanings depending on the country.

United States[edit]

In the United States education, a senior is a student in the fourth year of study, either in high school or college/university.[1][2]

High school[edit]

The twelfth grade is the fourth and final year of a student's high school education. The year and the student are both referred to as senior.

Higher education[edit]

The fourth year of an undergraduate program is known as senior year, and 4th year students are known as seniors. Bachelor's degree programs are designed to be completed in four years.

Super Senior[edit]

The term super senior is used in the United States to refer to a student who has not completed graduation requirements by the end of the fourth year, who is continuing to attempt to complete said requirements.[3]


In the province of Ontario, high school students in their third year and above are considered to be seniors, while in the province of Alberta, only twelfth graders are counted as seniors even though both provinces are Canadian (due to the fact that high school is only grades ten-twelve in Alberta).[4]

United Kingdom[edit]

In England and Wales, students in their seventh year and above (11 years and older, post primary school) in secondary school are seniors.[5] In Scotland, students in their fifth year and above are seniors.


In Nigeria, senior secondary education is the education children receive after primary and junior secondary education and before the tertiary period.[6] The appropriate age for senior secondary education in Nigeria is 11–18 years. The student is expected to write (West African Examination Council — WAEC) examination and/or National Examination Council (NECO) at the completion of six years of study.[7] Every student is examined on 8–9 subjects. All students complete 4 core cross-cutting subjects: English language, General Mathematics, Civic Education and Trade/Entrepreneurship.[8][9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Concise Oxford English Dictionary". Oxford University Press.[dead link]
  2. ^ "Merriam-Webster online". Merriam-Webster.
  3. ^ Sarver, Felix. "Super seniors find educational reasons to stay past four years". Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  4. ^ FutureLearn (2021-09-03). "Explore: The Canadian education system by province and territory". FutureLearn. Retrieved 2022-09-04.
  5. ^ "The British Education System - British Culture, Customs and Traditions". Retrieved 2022-09-03.
  6. ^ "SECONDARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA". Afribary. Retrieved 2022-09-02.
  7. ^ Armah, Gabriel (December 2011). "A conceptual database design for the operation of West Africa Examination Council (WAEC) Co-Operative Credit Union". American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2 (6): 846–851. doi:10.5251/ajsir.2011.2.6.846.851. ISSN 2153-649X.
  8. ^ "Academics – CSMT Schools". Retrieved 2022-09-04.
  9. ^ Enang, Wisdom (2022-05-14). "Aims and Objectives of Secondary Education in Nigeria". Proguide. Retrieved 2022-09-04.