|Cuttlebone from Sepia novaehollandiae at Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden|
Sepia novaehollandiae is a species of cuttlefish native to the southern Indo-Pacific. Its natural range stretches from Shellharbour, New South Wales ( ) to North West Shelf in Western Australia ( ). It lives at depths of between 15 and 348 m.
S. novaehollandiae is known to grow to a mantle length of 77 mm, but specimens from Spencer Gulf reach mantle lengths of around 125 mm and larger specimens of cuttlebones reaching lengths of 170 mm have also been found.
Spencer Gulf population
Specimens collected from Spencer Gulf, South Australia have mantle lengths and weights "rarely exceeding" 125 mm and 521 grams respectively. The mantle is oblong with narrow lateral fins running along its length. Specimens are brown, with small white blotches speckled on the mantle. There are no discernible patterns on the arms. In 2015, SARDI scientist Mike Steer described further described the species' cuttlebone as follows:
"Sepions are elongate-oval, acutely narrowing at both ends. The posterior dorsal surface typically has a pinkish tinge and is covered with fine denticulate projections that diminish anteriorly. The ribs are sharply concentric and become more pronounced anteriorly. The rostrum appears as a prominent spike that projects on a slight dorsal angle. The striated zone of the ventral surface is long extending greater than two-thirds of the length of the sepion. The striae are broadly "V"-shaped and are wavy across the mid-groove. The median sulcus is wide and deep along the striated zone. The outer cone slightly scallops inwards before expanding posteriorly."
Fishery dependent and independent data from Spencer Gulf has shown that largest populations of sexually immature Sepia novaehollandiae are caught between February and May annually. No data was published for months July-October or January.
The species is not targeted commercially in South Australia but is caught in marine scalefish fisheries and as bycatch by trawl fisheries. Morphological similarities and overlapping geographical ranges have lead to difficulties distinguishing S. novaehollandiae from juvenile Sepia apama in some instances. The Spencer Gulf Prawn Fishery catches more individuals of Sepia novaehollandiae than either of the other cuttlefish bycatch species: Sepia apama and Sepia braggi.
- Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia novaehollandiae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162606A927065. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T162606A927065.en. Downloaded on 13 February 2018.
- Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia novaehollandiae Hoyle, 1909". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Reid, A., P. Jereb, & C.F.E. Roper 2005. Family Sepiidae. In: P. Jereb & C.F.E. Roper, eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species known to date. Volume 1. Chambered nautiluses and sepioids (Nautilidae, Sepiidae, Sepiolidae, Sepiadariidae, Idiosepiidae and Spirulidae). FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes. No. 4, Vol. 1. Rome, FAO. pp. 57–152.
- Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda
- Steer, Michael A. (2015). Surveying, searching and promoting giant Australian cuttlefish spawning activity in northern Spencer Gulf (PDF). South Australia: SARDI. ISBN 978-1-921563-74-4.
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