Serokomla

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Serokomla
Village
Roman-Catholic Church of St Stanislaus in Serokomla
Serokomla is located in Poland
Serokomla
Serokomla
Coordinates: 51°42′1″N 22°19′58″E / 51.70028°N 22.33278°E / 51.70028; 22.33278
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lublin
County Łuków
Gmina Serokomla
Population 1,060

Serokomla pronounced ['sɛrɔˈkɔmla] is a village in Łuków County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland. It is the seat of the gmina (administrative district) called Gmina Serokomla. It lies approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Łuków and 53 km (33 mi) north of the regional capital Lublin.[1]

The village has a population of 1,060. It was stripped of city rights during the Russian Partition in 1869.

History[edit]

The history of Serokomla dates back to 1573, when a nobleman Piotr Kijenski founded a town based on Magdeburg rights. The town laid in the Lukow Land, Lublin Voivodeship (1474–1795) in the province of Lesser Poland. It was bought by the Firlej family in the late 16th century and remained in private hands until the Partitions of Poland. After the Congress of Vienna (1815) Serokomla found itself in the Russian-controlled Congress Poland, in which it remained until World War One. It became part of the Lublin Voivodeship (1919–39) in the Second Polish Republic.

World War II[edit]

In early October 1939, most of Serokomla was destroyed by the Wehrmacht, during the Battle of Kock (1939). After the battle, the Germans shot 32 Polish soldiers and civilians there in revenge. On April 14, 1940, the SS with the Gestapo captured 217 local inhabitants including women and children. All were shot by Sonderdienst formation in a mass execution nearby.[2] A small Nazi exploitation ghetto was set up for the Jewish community. Than, on September 22, 1942 in the morning, the travelling Nazi German Reserve Police Battalion 101 under the command of Captain Wohlauf rounded up the 200 to 300 Jews of Serokomla and shot them into the necks one by one at the crest of a waste dump outside the town. The bodies were left unburied and the Germans departed at 3pm. Captain Wohlauf didn't even remembered later he was at Serokomla amid the many deportation actions to death camps they conducted in the vicinity.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) - TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ a b Christopher R. Browning (1992; 1998). Arrival in Poland (PDF FILE, DIRECT DOWNLOAD 7.91 MB). Ordinary Men: Reserve Police Battalion 101 and the Final Solution in Poland. pp. 98–100. Retrieved May 1, 2013. also: PDF cache archived by WebCite.  Check date values in: |date= (help)


Coordinates: 51°42′1″N 22°19′58″E / 51.70028°N 22.33278°E / 51.70028; 22.33278