Capoeta capoeta

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Capoeta capoeta
Capoeta capoeta capoeta1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Capoeta
Species: C. capoeta
Binomial name
Capoeta capoeta
(Güldenstädt, 1773)[1]
Synonyms
  • Varicorhinus capoeta Güldenstädt, 1773

Capoeta capoeta is a species of West Asian cyprinid fish, including forms called the Sevan khramulya and the Transcaucasian barb.[1]

It is controversial whether the Lake Sevan form classified as Capoeta capoeta sevangi De Filippi, 1865 or C. sevangi is a different species from C. c. capoeta).[2]

Sevan khramulya in Lake Sevan[edit]

In Lake Sevan, Armenia, the Sevan khramulya [Capoeta capoeta sevangi] previously dominated in the fish landings, along with the Sevan trout. Annual harvest could be 300-500 tonnes.[3]

Males reach maturity at 2–3 years and females in 5–7 years in females.[3] They spawn in the lake in June–July,[3] but there are also populations in the major rivers draining to the lake.[4] The fish feed on detritus and as adults also on aquatic vegetation.[3]

Since 1936, with the gradual deterioration of reproduction conditions due to the permanent exposure of many spawning grounds, and with many spawning grounds in rivers lost, khramulya stocks in Sevan have gradually declined,[4] then sharply decreased.[3]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). "Capoeta capoeta" in FishBase. October 2016 version.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2016). "Capoeta sevangi" in FishBase. April 2016 version.
  3. ^ a b c d e B. Gabrielyan: Sevan khramulya — Varicorhinus capoeta sevangi (Filippi, 1865) Red Book of Armenia www.mnp.am
  4. ^ a b Savvaitova & Peter: FISH AND FISHERIES IN LAKE SEVAN, ARMENIA, AND IN SOME OTHER HIGH ALTITUDE LAKES OF CAUCASUS www.fao.org