Capoeta capoeta is a species of West Asian cyprinid fish, including forms called the Sevan khramulya and the Transcaucasian carp.
This species has two or three subspecies:
- Capoeta capoeta capoeta (Güldenstädt, 1773)
- Capoeta capoeta gracilis (Keyserling, 1861) (from Iran)
- Capoeta capoeta sevangi De Filippi, 1865 (the Sevan khramulya; it is controversial whether this is different from C. c. capoeta)
Sevan khramulya in Lake Sevan
Males reach maturity at 2–3 years and females in 5–7 years in females. They spawn in the lake in June–July, but there are also populations in the major rivers draining to the lake. The fish feed on detritus and as adults also on aquatic vegetation.
Since 1936, with the gradual deterioration of reproduction conditions due to the permanent exposure of many spawning grounds, and with many spawning grounds in rivers lost, khramulya stocks in Sevan have gradually declined, then sharply decreased.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Capoeta capoeta" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Capoeta capoeta+sevangi" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
- B. Gabrielyan: Sevan khramulya — Varicorhinus capoeta sevangi (Filippi, 1865) Red Book of Armenia www.mnp.am
- Savvaitova & Peter: FISH AND FISHERIES IN LAKE SEVAN, ARMENIA, AND IN SOME OTHER HIGH ALTITUDE LAKES OF CAUCASUS www.fao.org
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Capoeta capoeta+capoeta" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Capoeta capoeta+gracilis" in FishBase. April 2014 version.
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