Shag Rock (Houtman Abrolhos)

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Shag Rock
Geography
Location Indian Ocean, off the coast of Western Australia
Coordinates 28°28′33″S 113°42′44″E / 28.47583°S 113.71222°E / -28.47583; 113.71222Coordinates: 28°28′33″S 113°42′44″E / 28.47583°S 113.71222°E / -28.47583; 113.71222
Archipelago Houtman Abrolhos
Area 0.1 ha (0.25 acres)
Length 50 m (160 ft)
Width 20 m (70 ft)
Highest elevation 3 m (10 ft)
Administration
Australia
State Western Australia
Demographics
Population nil

Shag Rock is a small rocky island in the Wallabi Group of the Houtman Abrolhos.

Geography[edit]

It is located at 28°28′33″S 113°42′44″E / 28.47583°S 113.71222°E / -28.47583; 113.71222,[1][2] about 1.5 km (1 mi) east of West Wallabi Island.[3] Its nearest neighbour is Plover Island, about 700 m (2,297 ft) away. The island has an area of about 0.1 ha (0.25 acres), and a maximum elevation of 3 m (10 ft).[4] It is uninhabited, and devoid of human infrastructure.

This island should not be confused with the rocky island that lies to the west of North Island. The latter has no gazetted name, but is informally known as "Shag Rock".

Geology and physiography[edit]

Shag Rock is essentially an outcrop of Wallabi Limestone, a dense calcretised, coral limestone platform that underlies the entire Wallabi Group. This platform, which arises abruptly from a flat shelf, is about 40 m (131 ft) thick, and is of Quaternary origin. Reef that formed during the Eemian Stage (about 125,000 years ago), when sea levels were higher than at present, are now emergent in places, and constitute the basement of the group's "central platform" islands, of which Shag Island is one.[5][6]

Flora[edit]

About half of the island, including most of its centre, is rock with no vegetation cover. A very small area just south of the centre is vegetated by Tecticornia halocnemoides (Shrubby Samphire). The remainder of the island, predominantly the northern third and a patch in the south west, is vegetated by Atriplex cinerea (Grey Saltbush), Nitraria billardierei (Nitre Bush) and Pittosporum phylliraeoides (Weeping Pittosporum).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gazetteer of Australia (1996). Belconnen, ACT: Australian Surveying and Land Information Group.
  2. ^ "Shag Rock". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government. 
  3. ^ Australia 1:100000 Topographic Survey, Map sheet 1641 (Edition 1): Wallabi
  4. ^ a b Harvey, Judith M. (2001). "A flora and vegetation survey of the islands of the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia". CALMScience. 3 (4): 521–623.  Data also available in McCrea, Jo (ed.) (October 2003). "Inventory of the Land Conservation Values of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands" (Fisheries Management Paper No. 151 ed.). Department of Fisheries, Government of Western Australia. ISSN 0819-4327. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  5. ^ Collins, Lindsay B.; Zhu, Zhong Rong; Wyrwoll, Karl-Heinz (1998). "Late Tertiary-Quaternary Geological Evolution of the Houtman Abrolhos Carbonate Platforms, Northern Perth Basin". In Purcell, R.; Purcell, P. The sedimentary basins of Western Australia. 2. Perth, Western Australia: Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia. pp. 647–663. Retrieved 2008-05-02. 
  6. ^ Collins, Lindsay B.; Zhu, Zhong Rong; Wyrwoll, Karl-Heinz (2004). "Geology of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands". In Vacher, Leonard; Quinn, Terrence. Geology and hydrogeology of carbonate islands (Developments in Sedimentology 54). Elsevier Science. pp. 811–834.