Sharon F. Patton is an American historian who specializes in African art. She was born in southern part of Chicago in 1944, where she received her bachelor's degree in 1966 from Roosevelt University. Patton attended University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana where she got her master's degree three years later. The same year, she became a student at the University of Chicago and by 1980 obtained her Ph.D. in the history of African art at the Northwestern University.
In 1968 she began her career as an instructor for the art department at Mankato State College in Minnesota where she taught African-American art. From 1971 to 1972 she was one of the faculties at the Lake Forest College and from 1972 to 1973 served at the Virginia Commonwealth University. In 1976 she worked at the University of Houston and from 1979 to 1985 she was a professor at the University of Maryland, which in the end, led her to become the art director at Monclair State College of New Jersey by 1986.
In 1987 she became a curator-in-chief of the Studio Museum in Harlem, New York. In 1991 she relocated to the University of Michigan where she worked as an associate professor. In 1998, Patton was named an art director of the Allen Memorial Art Museum which was a department of Oberlin College. In 2003, she relocated again, this time to Washington, D.C. where she worked as a director of the National Museum of African Art, a department of Smithsonian Institution.
During her life she held 20 exhibitions, three of which were in Studio Museum. Her first book Memory and Metaphor: The Art of Romare Bearden won the Choice’s Outstanding Academic Book of the Year Award. She is also an author of 1983 published Traditional Forms and Modern Africa: West African Art at the University of Maryland, a 1987 Witches, Demons and Metamorphoses, and 1990s Vincent C. Smith, Reding on a Blue Note.
- "Sharon F. Patton (1944-)". Oberlin College. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
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