She (1935 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Lansing C. Holden|
|Produced by||Merian C. Cooper|
|Screenplay by||Dudley Nichols|
by H. Rider Haggard
Gustav von Seyffertitz
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Cinematography||J. Roy Hunt|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|102 min (original theatrical release)|
94 min. (1949 re-release)
She is a 1935 American film produced by Merian C. Cooper. Based on H. Rider Haggard's novel of the same name, the screenplay combines elements from all the books in the series: She: A History of Adventure, She and Allan, Ayesha: The Return of She and Wisdom's Daughter. The film reached a new generation of moviegoers with a 1949 re-release.
The ancient civilization of Kor is depicted in an Art Deco style with imaginative special effects. The setting is Arctic Siberia, rather than in Africa, as in the first book. The third book is set in the Himalayas. With music by Max Steiner, the film stars Helen Gahagan, Randolph Scott and Nigel Bruce.
It was hoped that She would follow Cooper's previous success, King Kong. Cooper had originally intended to shoot the film in color, but budget cuts by RKO forced him to shoot the film in black and white at the last minute. However, the black and white film had disappointing results at the box office. It initially lost $180,000, although it later had a successful re-release. The film is listed in Golden Raspberry Award founder John Wilson's book The Official Razzie Movie Guide as one of the 100 Most Enjoyably Bad Movies Ever Made.
Leo Vincey (Randolph Scott) is called from America to the family's ancestral estate in England where his dying uncle John Vincey (Samuel S. Hinds) and Horace Holly (Nigel Bruce) convince him that their ancestor, also named John Vincey (also played by Scott) found the fountain of youth 500 years ago.
Following the route outlined in an old journal, Leo and Holly travel through frozen wastes, as a guide named Tugmore and his daughter, Tanya (Helen Mack) join them on their quest. They stumble upon the ancient city of Kor, where they are attacked by cannibals but are saved by She Who Must Be Obeyed (Helen Gahagan) and her Minister Billali (Gustav von Seyffertitz).
She believes that Leo is the reincarnation of her lover, John Vincey and vows to make him immortal like herself to rule this Shangri-La in eternal youth. Tanya warns Leo that nothing human can live forever. At the end, She asks Leo to step into the Flame of Life with her, so that they can become immortal. When Leo hesitates, She offers to step in first. Rather than renewing her youth, She ages hundreds of years, becomes a withered mummy-like creature and dies. Leo, Holly and Tanya then safely make their escape.
- Helen Gahagan as She (Who Must Be Obeyed)
- Randolph Scott as John Vincey and Leo Vincey
- Nigel Bruce as Professor Horace Holly
- Helen Mack as Tanya Dugmore
- Gustav von Seyffertitz as Billali, She's mortal Governor
In July 1932 Universal Studios announced they had bought the rights to the story.
In July 1934 RKO announced they would make the film over the following year as one of the studio's big productions. Helen Gahagan's and Nigel Bruce's casting was announced in January 1935. It was Gahagan's first movie after a long theatre career.
Writing for The Spectator in 1935, Graham Greene reviewed the film positively, but gave a disclaimer that as "an unrepentant Haggard fan" he could not write reasonably about it. Describing the film as showcasing "earnestly manly Boy Scout virtues", Greene did acknowledge that it "bore its symbolism a little heavily", and ultimately characterized it as both thrilling and childish.
She originally had a running time of 102 minutes, but on its 1949 re-release, was edited down to 94 minutes, to better fit on a double bill with Cooper's The Last Days of Pompeii.
- Picture Format: 1.33:1 (1080p 24fps) [AVC MPEG-4]
- Soundtrack(s): English (Dolby Digital 2.0 Dual Mono)
- Extras (Blu-ray):
- Extras (DVD):
- Harryhausen, Ray; Vaz, Mark. She DVD, Legend Films, 2006, audio commentary. ISBN 978-1-60673-060-7
- Richard Jewell & Vernon Harbin, The RKO Story. New Rochelle, New York: Arlington House, 1982. p85
- Wilson, John (2005). The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 0-446-69334-0.
- "The Wonderful World of WALT: Walt Disney and the Villain | Disney Insider". Blogs.disney.com. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- "Disney Villains: Queen". Disney.go.com. Archived from the original on February 27, 2011. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "D23′s Dateline Disney: 1935 (Evil Queen) « Disney D23". D23.disney.go.com. December 10, 2012. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Hall, C. (1932, Jul 24). NOTES FROM HOLLYWOOD'S STUDIOS. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/99559141?accountid=13902
- R.-K.-O. plans "family" films. (1934, Jul 14). Wall Street Journal (1923 - Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/131173858?accountid=13902
- SCREEN NOTES. (1935, Jan 11). New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/101609935?accountid=13902
- Helen gahagan adds films to A busy career. (1935, Jun 30). The Washington Post (1923-1954) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/150682898?accountid=13902
- Shaffer, G. (1935, Apr 11). Penny matching piles up $3,000 charity fund. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.sl.nsw.gov.au/docview/181569593?accountid=13902
- Greene, Graham (25 October 1935). "Joan of Arc/Turn of the Tide/Top Hat/She". The Spectator. Retrieved 10 October 2018. (reprinted in: John Russel, Taylor, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. p. 32. ISBN 0192812866.)
- "Comic-Con 2006 :: Programming for Friday, July 21". Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2007-03-07.
- Harper, Marla (August 27, 1989). "'She' (NR)". Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-03-07.
- Monster Kid Classic Horror Forum Retrieved: 7 May 2012
- Nitrateville classic film forum Retrieved: 7 May 2012
- DVDCompare Retrieved: 7 May 2012
- "The Ray Harryhausen Double Feature Blu-ray".