Mustafa Ruhi Efendi

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Haci Mustafa Ruhi Efendi
Sheikh Mustafa Ruhi Efendi Tombstone.JPG
Mustafa Ruhi Efendi tombstone
Religious and Political Leader
Personal details
Born 1800
Gökçeada (Imbros), Ottoman Empire
Died 1893 (aged 93)
Ottoman Empire (actual Turkey)
Children - Sabri Kalkandelen (Poet, Chief of the Istanbul Imperial Library)
- Fatma Hanko (mother of General Hayrullah Fişek)
- Hürrem
- Zehra
Residence Kalkandelen, Ottoman Empire (actual Tetovo, Macedonia)
Religion Sunni Muslim

Mustafa Ruhi Efendi (1800 - 1893, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire) was a religious (Naqshbandi) and political leader in the Balkans during the Ottoman period.[1] Born on the Turkish Aegean island of Gökçeada (Imbros), he moved as a young man to the city of Kalkandelen, Tetovo in today's Macedonia, back then Vilayet of Kosovo. He was one of the participants of the League of Prizren which established the basis of Albanian nationalism, and was elected "President of the Central Committee of the League".[1][2][3][4] He was buried in the courtyard of the Yahya Efendi mausoleum in the Yıldız Palace park in Istanbul.


  1. ^ a b Nathalie Clayer (2006-12-01). Aux origines du nationalisme albanais: la naissance d'une nation. Recherches internationales (in French). Karthala. pp. 257, 654, 631. ISBN 978-2845868168. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  2. ^ The Consolidation of Albanian Nationalism The League of Prizren 1878-1881, by Nevila Pahumi
  3. ^ Peter R. Prifti (2002), Land of Albanians: a crossroad of pain and pride, Tirana: Horizont, p. 47, OCLC 52631278, retrieved 2013-11-12 
  4. ^ Bardhosh Gaçe (1999-01-01), Lëvizja kombëtare në Vlorë, 1878-1912 [National Movement in Valona, 1878-1912] (in Albanian), 1, Valona, Albania: Toena, p. 130, ISBN 9789992711859, OCLC 43851650, retrieved 2013-11-12