Shepenupet I at Karnak.
|Divine Adoratrice of Amun|
|Reign||754–714 BC (23rd Dynasty)|
She was the first “hereditary” God's Wife or Divine Adoratrice of Amun to wield political power in ancient Thebes and its surrounding region. She was the first to take on complete royal titulary with names in two cartouches (her prenomen Khenemetibamun means 'she who is one with the heart of Amun'), and although her successors followed her example, she remained the only one who also bore the royal titles “Lord of the Two Lands” and “Lord of Appearances”, also, the only one whose throne name refers to Amun, not to his wife Mut.
She was the daughter of Osorkon III and Queen Karoadjet, and the (half-)sister of Takelot III and Rudamun. She was God's Wife during her father's whole reign. When Kashta, a monarch of the 25th Dynasty, extended his influence to the Theban area, she was compelled to adopt Kashta's daughter Amenirdis I as her successor and name her as her chosen heir. Shepenupet and Amenirdis are depicted together in Wadi Gasus.
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- Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.231
- László Török: The Kingdom of Kush: Handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization. ISBN 90-04-10448-8, p.148
- Dodson & Hilton, pp.226-227