Shigawake, Quebec

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Shigawake
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Location within Bonaventure RCM.
Shigawake is located in Eastern Quebec
Shigawake
Shigawake
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°06′N 65°05′W / 48.100°N 65.083°W / 48.100; -65.083Coordinates: 48°06′N 65°05′W / 48.100°N 65.083°W / 48.100; -65.083[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionGaspésie–
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
RCMBonaventure
SettledLate 18th century
ConstitutedDecember 15, 1924
Government
 • MayorColette Dow
 • Federal ridingGaspésie—
Îles-de-la-Madeleine
 • Prov. ridingBonaventure
Area
 • Total75.40 km2 (29.11 sq mi)
 • Land75.68 km2 (29.22 sq mi)
 There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total338
 • Density4.5/km2 (12/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 5.3%
 • Dwellings
163
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132

Shigawake is a municipality in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region of the province of Quebec in Canada. Shigawake is bordered to the west by Saint-Godefroi and to the east by Port-Daniel-Gascons.

The place name is taken from the river that flows through the village and is of Mi'kmaq origin, meaning either "land of the rising sun" or "white water".[1]

The community of Shigawake is an eight kilometre stretch of coastline behind high red cliffs on the Gaspe Coast in the province of Québec. It has been officially designated as an Anglophone community among the largely Francophone population of Québec. Although it boasts a town council and mayor, it only hosts, among many small houses, a municipal building, the Anglican church of St Paul's, built in the 1860s, and a former Rectory converted to the Community Centre. The United Church was decommissioned in 2012, formerly the site of a temperance hall.

Shigawake has held the Shigawake Fair annually since 1909, also now paired with the Shigawake Music Festival which has showcased local talent as well as other artists such as Patrick Watson, Martha Wainwright and Kevin Parent.[citation needed]

Shigawake is also the site of Seagro, an organic fertiliser and composting firm.[citation needed]

The oldest farmhouse on the entire coast continuously inhabited by one family, the Old Homestead, was built in the early in the first decade of the 1800s. The founding of Shigawake is described in The Alford Saga, an eight book series of a romantic adventures by the late Paul Almond, an officer of the Order of Canada.

The area's fields, once so productive, are now used mainly for hay and the woods behind for harvests of sawlogs and firewood.[4][not specific enough to verify]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Canada census – Shigawake, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 338 (-5.3% from 2006) 357 (-4.0% from 2001)
Land area: 75.68 km2 (29.22 sq mi) 75.68 km2 (29.22 sq mi)
Population density: 4.5/km2 (12/sq mi) 4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)
Median age: 52.3 (M: 53.5, F: 51.2) 48.6 (M: 49.5, F: 48.5)
Total private dwellings: 163 171
Median household income: $.N/A $30,004
Notes: 2011 income data for this area has been suppressed for data quality or confidentiality reasons. – References: 2011[3] 2006[5] earlier[6]
Historical Census Data - Shigawake, Quebec[7]
YearPop.±%
1991 430—    
1996 302−29.8%
YearPop.±%
2001 372+23.2%
2006 357−4.0%
YearPop.±%
2011 338−5.3%

People[edit]

Major S.V. Radley-Walters of The Sherbrooke Fusiliers was born in Shigawake, Quebec and was credited with 18 enemy tanks and assault guns put out of action. Tank-to-tank combat was rare in North-West Europe where tanks were more commonly used for infantry support missions. German armour, especially after the Battle of Normandy, was usually only found in small numbers opposite Canadian formations - certainly the flooded terrain in the Scheldt and the Rhineland was not often considered "good tank country."[citation needed]

Nonetheless, Major Sidney Radley-Walters, who commanded "A" Squadron of The Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment, was credited with knocking out approximately 18 German tanks and assault guns during his wartime service.[citation needed]

Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment landed as the reserve tank battalion on D-Day. The next day, D+1, they underwent their baptism of fire. Rad would win the Military Cross for actions at Buron, Normandy in July, and the Distinguished Service Order for a number of actions later in the war.[citation needed]

War correspondent Ross Munro reported on Major Sidney Radley-Walters and his tank crew for the Canadian Press in August 1944.[8]

Twenty-four-year-old Maj. S. V. (Woppy) Radley-Walters from the Gaspé Coast and his crew of four in their Sherman tank named "Caribou" are the leading tank destroyers in the Canadian armored units in France.[citation needed]

Their score now is 12 German tanks knocked out and the Caribou is still rolling with the same crew.[citation needed]

Radley Walters and his men are members of the Sherbrooke Fusiliers, a regiment which has made a fabulous name for itself in this Normandy campaign. They landed on D-Day with the regiment and have fought with it in every battle since.[citation needed]

The youthful major, who lived most of his life at Shigawake, Que., and whose father, Rev. A. R. Radley-Walters, now is rector of St. Peter’s in Quebec City, said they got their first German tank near Buron in the action there the day after landing. This was believed to be the first enemy tank destroyed in the battle of France.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shigawake (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  2. ^ a b "Shigawake". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  3. ^ a b c "Shigawake census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-22. Cite error: The named reference "cp2011" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ Paul Almond - Author of 8 books based on a decade of research on the founding of Shigawake - http://www.paulalmond.com
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ Top Canadian Tank Crew | By Ross Munro | 7 Aug 1944